Bacterial Biofilm: Its Composition, Formation and Role in Human Infections

Fuel and Lubes

Food & Drug Protection Division
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1. Joint Health


Probable synonymy of the nitrogen-fixing genus Azotobacter and the genus Pseudomonas. Pseudomonas abietaniphila Mohn et al. Physiological and phylogenetic diversity of bacteria growing on resin acids. Pseudomonas acidovorans den Dooren de Jong , species. Bijdrage tot de kennis van het Mineralisatieproces. Technische Hogeschool, Delft, , pp. Pseudomonas aeruginosa Schroeter Migula , species. Type species of the genus.

Über einige durch Bacterien gebildete Pigmente. Kern's Verlag, Breslau, , pp. System der Bakterien, Vol. Pseudomonas aestusnigri Sanchez et al. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published.

Validation List Online Effective publication: Pseudomonas agarici Young , species. Agaricus , a genus of fungi; N.

New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research , , 13 , Pseudomonas alcaligenes Monias , species. Classification of Bacterium alcaligenes pyocyaneum and fluorescens. Journal of Infectious Diseases , , 43 , Pseudomonas alcaliphila Yumoto et al. Pseudomonas alkylphenolica Mulet et al.

Whole-genome sequence accession no. Pseudomonas aminovorans den Dooren de Jong , species. Pseudomonas amygdali Psallidas and Panagopoulos , species. A new bacteriosis of almond caused by Pseudomonas amygdali sp. Annales de l'Institut Phytopathologique Benaki N. Thus, these species should be considered synonymous and the correct name for this species should be Pseudomonas amygdali.

Unfortunately, Pseudomonas amygdali , as delineated by DNA-DNA hybridization, could not be differentiated from other genomospecies by phenotypic tests. So the authors do not formally propose nomenclatural changes. DNA relatedness among the pathovars of Pseudomonas syringae and description of Pseudomonas tremae sp.

Pseudomonas andropogonis Smith Stapp , species. Bacteria in relation to plant diseases. Carnegie Institute , Washington , , 2 , Schizomycetes Spaltpilze oder Bakterien. Pseudomonas anguilliseptica Wakabayashi and Egusa , species. Characteristics of a Pseudomonas sp. Bulletin of the Japanese Society of Scientific Fisheries , , 38 , Pseudomonas antarctica Reddy et al.

Psychrophilic pseudomonads from Antarctica: The specific epithet is a L. Pseudomonas antimicrobica Attafuah and Bradbury , sp. Pseudomonas antimicrobica , a new species strongly antagonistic to plant pathogens. According to Coenye et al. Pseudomonas antimicrobica Attafuah and Bradbury is a junior synonym of Burkholderia gladioli Severini Yabuuchi et al.

Pseudomonas argentinensis Peix et al. Pseudomonas arsenicoxydans Campos et al. Pseudomonas arsenicoxydans sp nov. Pseudomonas asplenii Ark and Tompkins Savulescu , species. Asplenium , genus of ferns, spleenworts; N. Bacterial leaf blight of bird's-nest fern.

Phytopathology , , 36 , Contribution à la classification des bacteriacées phytopathogènes. Pseudomonas asuensis Reddy and Garcia-Pichel , sp. Description of Pseudomonas asuensis sp. Pseudomonas aurantiaca Nakhimovskaya , species. Mikrobiologiya , , 17 , Pseudomonas aureofaciens Kluyver , species.

Journal of Bacteriology , , 72 , According to Johnson and Palleroni , Pseudomonas aureofaciens Kluyver Approved Lists is a later heterotypic synonym of Pseudomonas chlororaphis Guignard and Sauvageau Bergey et al.

Deoxyribonucleic acid similarities among Pseudomonas species. Pseudomonas avellanae Janse et al. Reclassification of Pseudomonas syringae pv. Pseudomonas avellanae was previously known as Pseudomonas syringae pv. Pseudomonas avenae Manns , species. Avena , genus of plants; N. The blade blight of oats, a bacterial disease.

Bulletin of the Ohio Agriculture Experiment Station , , , According to Hu et al. Numerical analysis and determinative tests for nonfluorescent plant-pathogenic Pseudomonas spp. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August , Istanbul, Turkey. Citrullus , a genus of melon plants; N.

Pseudomonas azotifigens Hatayama et al. Pseudomonas azotoformans Iizuka and Komagata , species. New species of Pseudomonas belonged to fluorescent group Studies on the microorganisms of cereal grains. Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan , , 37 , Pseudomonas baetica López et al.

Pseudomonas balearica Bennasar et al. Pseudomonas bauzanensis Zhang et al. Pseudomonas beijerinckii Hof , species. An investigation of the microorganisms commonly present in salted beans. Recueil des Travaux Botaniques Néerlandais , , 32 , According to Anzai et al. In , Peçonek et al. Phylogenetic affiliation of the pseudomonads based on 16S rRNA sequence. Reclassification of Pseudomonas beijerinckii Hof as Chromohalobacter beijerinckii comb.

Pseudomonas benzenivorans Lang et al. Ragunathan Savulescu , species. Bacterial leaf spot of betel. Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives nouns "in apposition".

So, with reference to the first Principle of the Bacteriological Code Revision , Kilian requested that the original name Pseudomonas betle be conserved [2]. The Judicial Commission denied this request, and no Opinion will be issued upon this request [3]. Necessary changes of bacterial names? ASM News , , 64 , Recommended conservation of the names Streptococcus sanguis , Streptococcus rattus , Streptococcus cricetus , and seven other names included in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Request for an Opinion.

Minutes of the meetings, 28, 29 and 31 July and 1 August , Paris, France. Original article by De Vos et al. According to the Bacteriological Code revision Pseudomonas hibiscicola and Xanthomonas maltophilia should be renamed Xanthomonas beteli because beteli is the oldest specific epithet. The authors do not feel however the need to formally propose nomenclatural changes.

Numerical analysis of phenotypic features of Xanthomonas strain and related strains and an improved taxonomy of the genus. Pseudomonas borbori Vanparys et al.

Pseudomonas boreopolis Gray and Thornton , species. Soil bacteria that decompose certain aromatic compounds. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie Parasitenkunde Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II , , 73 , Pseudomonas brassicacearum Achouak et al. Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies see: The original authorship, Achouak et al. Pseudomonas brenneri Baïda et al.

Brenner, an American microbiologist, for his contributions to the taxonomy of the families Enterobacteriaceae and Legionellaceae. According to Rules 27 3 and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Pseudomonas brenneri Baïda et al.

Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 3 and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 3 and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Possible misidentification of species in the Pseudomonas fluorescens lineage as Burkholderia pseudomallei and Francisella tularensis , and emended descriptions of Pseudomonas brenneri , Pseudomonas gessardii and Pseudomonas proteolytica.

Pseudomonas caeni Xiao et al. Pseudomonas canadensis Tambong et al. Whole-genome sequence accession no.: Pseudomonas cannabina Gardan et al. List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no.

Pseudomonas carboxydohydrogena ex Sanjieva and Zavarzin Meyer et al. Pseudomonas carboxydohydrogena Sanjieva and Zavarzin comb. Pseudomonas caricapapayae Robbs , species. Uma nova doenca bacteriana do mamoeiro. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Agronomia , , 12 , Pseudomonas caryophylli Burkholder Starr and Burkholder , species. Three bacterial plant pathogens, Phytomonas caryophylli , sp. Phytopathology , , 32 , Lipolytic activity of phytopathogenic bacteria determined by means of spirit blue agar and its taxonomic significance.

Pseudomonas caspiana Busquets et al. List of novel names and novel combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Pseudomonas cattleyae Pavarino Savulescu , species. Cattleya , a genus of orchids; N. Malattie causate da bacteri nelle orchidee. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei , , 20 , Because the type strain of Pseudomonas cattleyae Pavarino Savulescu Approved Lists is allocated to Pseudomonas avenae subsp.

Taxonomic study of bacteria isolated from Lebanese spring waters: However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Pseudomonas cedrina corrig. The original authorship, Dabboussi et al. Pseudomonas cepacia ex Burkholder Palleroni and Holmes , sp. Pseudomonas cerasi Kaluzna et al. Pseudomonas chengduensis Tao et al. Pseudomonas chloritidismutans Wolterink et al. According to Cladera et al.

Genotype versus phenotype in the circumscription of bacterial species: Pseudomonas chlororaphis Guignard and Sauvageau Bergey et al. Sur un nouveau microbe chromogène, le Bacillus chloroaphis. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 3rd ed. Reclassification of Pseudomonas aurantiaca as a synonym of Pseudomonas chlororaphis and proposal of three subspecies, P.

In the paper by Peix et al. The original authorship, Guignard and Sauvageau Bergey et al. Pseudomonas cichorii Swingle Stapp , species. Center rot of "french endive" or wilt of chicory Cichorium intybos L. Phytopathology , , 15 , Abstr. Pseudomonas cissicola Takimoto Burkholder , species.

Cissus , generic name of flowering plant; L. Bacterial leaf spot of Cissus japonica Willd. Annals of the Phytopathological Society , Japan , , 9 , Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. These errors have caused considerable confusion in the taxonomic placement of Pseudomonas cissicola. Taxonomic confusion of Pseudomonas cissicola originated from mislabeling by International Type Culture Collections.

Transfer of Pseudomonas cissicola Takimoto Burkholder to the genus Xanthomonas. However, it is not appropriate to propose the new combination Xanthomonas cissicola without investigating more extensively the genomic and phenotypic characteristics. Pseudomonas citronellolis Seubert , species. Degradation of isoprenoid compounds by microorganisms. Isolation and characterization of an isoprenoid-degrading bacterium, Pseudomonas citronellolis n.

Journal of Bacteriology , , 79 , Characterization of ' Pseudomonas azelaica ' DSM , leading to emended descriptions of Pseudomonas citronellolis Seubert Approved Lists and Pseudomonas nitroreducens Iizuka and Komagata Approved Lists , including Pseudomonas multiresinivorans as its later heterotypic synonym.

Pseudomonas cocovenenans van Damme et al. Cocos , genus of coconut; L. On toxoflavin, the yellow poison of Pseudomonas cocovenenans. Recueil des Travaux Chimiques des Pays-Bas , , 79 , Pseudomonas coleopterorum Menéndez et al.

Pseudomonas composti Gibello et al. Pseudomonas congelans Behrendt et al. Fluorescent pseudomonads associated with the phyllosphere of grasses; Pseudomonas trivialis sp. Pseudomonas corrugata Roberts and Scarlett , sp. Tomato pith necrosis caused by Pseudomonas corrugata n. Taxonomy of Pseudomonas strains isolated from tomato pith necrosis: Pseudomonas costantinii Munsch et al.

The specific epithet, costantinii , is a N. Pseudomonas cremoricolorata Uchino et al. Recharacterization of Pseudomonas fulva Iizuka and Komagata , and proposals of Pseudomonas parafulva sp.

However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Pseudomonas cremoricolorata Uchino et al. Pseudomonas cuatrocienegasensis Escalante et al. Pseudomonas deceptionensis Carrión et al. Pseudomonas delafieldii Davis , species. Delafield, who first isolated this organism. Taxonomic studies on some Gram-negative polarly flagellated "hydrogen bacteria" and related species.

Archiv fur Mikrobiologie , , 70 , Pseudomonas delhiensis Prakash et al. Pseudomonas diminuta Leifson and Hugh , species. A new type of polar monotrichous flagellation. Journal of General Microbiology , , 10 , Pseudomonas donghuensis Gao et al.

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek , , Pseudomonas doudoroffii Baumann et al. Image Unavailable Image not available for Color: Promotes and maintains healthy sinus and airway function Helps maintain blood pressure already in the normal range Supports healthy immune response and supports healthy circulation Gluten Free, Non-GMO, Vegetarian Label images may vary Contains Soy. Add all three to Cart Add all three to List. Buy the selected items together This item: Ships from and sold by Amazon.

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What are the benefits of Natto-Serra? How does it work? How To Use This Product. Product details Product Dimensions: Currently, item can be shipped only within the U. This item is not eligible for international shipping. Related Video Shorts 0 Upload your video.

They are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any diseases. Consult a qualified health care practitioner before taking any substance for medicinal purposes. Some products on this store contains progesterone, a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer. Consult with your physician before using this product.

Statements regarding dietary supplements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or health condition. Ingredients Nattokinase fibrinolytic activity units 2,FU, Serrapeptase enzyme serratiopeptidase activity units 40, SPU, Calcium from Serrateric 25 mg, Serrateric, modified cellulose vegetarian capsule.

Directions Take 1 to 3 capsules daily, away from food. Store in a cool dry place. Compare with similar items. Nattokinase mg, capsules - Best for Maintaining a Healt Enerex Serrapeptase - ,U Caps. See questions and answers. Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Read reviews that mention taking blood pain serrapeptase nattokinase clots effects research stomach daily supplement combo helps natto pressure helped difference taken serra bottle. There was a problem filtering reviews right now.

Please try again later. I had been having pain in my left leg whenever I walk. Doing research online lead me to believe I either had DVT or a blood clot. I cannot afford medical care so I'm stuck with having to self diagnose.

Anyway, I came across info on this product during my research. I had read every review written and knew this was a definite 'have to try' product.

I ordered my bottle but didn't have the patience to wait for delivery, so off I went to my local herb store. I bought a bottle and was surprised at the changes I could feel occurring. Many have written reviews in regards to clearing out their sinuses.

I don't have any sinus problems so didn't notice anything happening there. Others have written reviews in regards to fibroids. Again, I haven't any uterus problems, so didn't notice anything there. I should note, despite being in my mid 50's, menopause hasn't happened for me. My period started the second day of taking this product.

I only mention this because it was not slated to occur at this time. Now, to the leg. As mentioned earlier, I suspect DVT in my leg. Five years ago I had a heart attack resulting in two stents because of clogged arteries. I've been taking this product for 5 or 6 weeks now and feel a difference. It's a slow process, but there is considerably less pain in my leg. My feet no longer feel cold all the time. After 3 weeks of starting the Natto-Serra I was feeling, for about 2 weeks, a tingling in my leg, such as the tingle you get when a limb falls asleep.

That has now gone away. My foot for the same time period felt like it had mild sunburn across the top. Shoes were a bit annoying to wear, and this too has passed.

I also do not feel as sluggish as I used to. I definitely feel more energetic which I attribute to better circulation. My blood pressure is also beginning to fall back into a normal range. For me, my blood pressure can be anywhere from the over 90 to the over range. Yesterday's reading was over I started the Natto-Serra at 1 pill 3 times daily. I didn't really feel results with this so I increased to 2 pills 3 times daily.

That was too much, was getting light headed. Now I'm taking 2 pills upon waking and 2 at bedtime. This seems to work for me. Her areas of special interest include acupuncture, traditional Chinese medicine, veterinary spinal manipulation therapy and dental health. All periodontal measurements in the test animals improved significantly. It works as a catalyst systemically, further promoting improved stamina and faster recovery for your Athlete.

These fatty acids are much different than essential fatty acids you find in products like fish oils and should not be confused with essential fatty acids. A small portion will be absorbed into the gums and provide the periodontal benefit and the rest will be swallowed and circulate throughout the body to provide the muscle and joint benefits.

This was not just another standard oil supplement. Our vet even noticed improvement from our 9-year-old dog Cork and her gums. Within days I could notice a difference in his mobility, so I began using the product with all my dogs. I started telling my friends about this product and now they come to me raving about the difference it has made for their dog too. I decided to put all 4 of my dogs on it at that time. I also take this product myself and am convinced it is a big part of the reason I was able to run well and win the AKC Nationals with Skecher, after not being able to run in the Fall of because of injury to my Achilles.

We are interested in long-term satisfied customers. Good choice for 1 athletic dog! Ideal for athletic dogs! Designed and priced for a team of dogs!

While there are plenty of joint supplements available on the market, they are primarily composed of similar ingredients providing limited results. Doggie breath is not normal! You can expect results after only a few weeks of use.

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