I think the program as a whole is important because learning one part without the others will not help in understanding our bodies and what they really need to be well. That era has been long gone as a large number of Congressmen now spend their time huddling with lobbyists and planning new ways to enrich large corporations. There is not yet a scientific consensus as to health benefits accruing from probiotics or prebiotics. New research rehabilitates the heart-healthy role of whole-fat dairy products, as a high intake is found to lower the risk of cardiovascular mortality. While you certainly want to take vitamin C when you're sick, it won't help to lower a fever or to regulate body temperature. JD Julie Deschambault May 12,
Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals. These indicators are the proportion of children aged months who received one or two doses of vitamin A supplements. The indicator reflects the proportion of babies born in facilities that have been designated as Baby-friendly. Proportion of births in Baby-friendly facilities is included as a process indicator in the core set of indicators for the Global Nutrition Monitoring Framework.
This indicator is defined as the proportion of babies born in facilities designated as Baby-friendly in a calendar year. To be counted as currently Baby-friendly, the facility must have been designated within the last five years or been reassessed within that timeframe. Facilities may be designed as Baby-friendly if they meet the minimum Global Criteria, which includes adherence to the Ten Steps for Successful Breastfeeding and the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes.
The Ten steps include having a breastfeeding policy that is routinely communicated to staff, having staff trained on policy implementation, informing pregnant women on the benefits and management of breastfeeding, promoting early initiation of breastfeeding, among others.
The International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes restricts the distribution of free infant formula and promotional materials from infant formula companies.
The more of the Steps that the mother experiences, the better her success with breastfeeding. Improved breastfeeding practices worldwide could save the lives of over children every year. National implementation of the Baby-friendly Hospital Initiative. Implementation of the Baby-friendly Hospital Initiative. Mothers of children months receiving counselling, support or messages on optimal breastfeeding. Breastfeeding is an unequalled way of providing ideal food for the healthy growth and development of infants; it is also an integral part of the reproductive process with important implications for the health of mothers.
Optimal practices include early initiation of breastfeeding within 1 hour, exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months followed by appropriate complementary with continued breastfeeding for 2 years or beyond. Even though it is a natural act, breastfeeding is also a learned behaviour. Virtually all mothers can breastfeed provided they have accurate information, and support within their families and communities and from the health care system.
This indicator has been established to measure the proportion of mothers receiving breastfeeding counselling, support or messages. The proportion of mothers of children months who have received counselling, support or messages on optimal breastfeeding at least once in the previous 12 months is included as a process indicator in the core set of indicators for the Global Nutrition Monitoring Framework.
The indicator gives the percentage of mothers of children aged months who have received counselling, support or messages on optimal breastfeeding at least once in the last year. Counseling and informational support on optimal breastfeeding practices for mothers has been demonstrated to improve initiation and duration of breastfeeding, which in has many health benefits for both the mother and infant. Breast milk contains all the nutrients an infant needs in the first six months of life.
Breastfeeding protects against diarrhoea and common childhood illnesses such as pneumonia, and may also have longer-term health benefits for the mother and child, such as reducing the risk of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence.
Breastfeeding has also been associated with higher intelligence quotient IQ in children. Salt iodization has been adopted as the main strategy for eliminating iodine-deficiency disorders as a public health problem, and the aim is to achieve universal salt iodization. While other foodstuffs can be iodized, salt has the advantage of being widely consumed and inexpensive. Salt has been iodized routinely in some industrialized countries since the s.
This indicator is a measure of whether a fortification programme is reaching the target population adequately. The indicator is a measure of the percentage of households consuming iodized salt, defined as salt containing parts per million of iodine. Iodine deficiency is most commonly and visibly associated with thyroid problems e. Consumption of iodized salt increased in the developing world during the past decade: This means that about 84 million newborns are now being protected from learning disabilities due to iodine-deficiency disorders.
Monitoring the situation of women and children. Sustainable elimination of iodine deficiency disorders by Micronutrient deficiencies, iodine deficiency disorders. Population with less than the minimum dietary energy consumption. This indicator is the percentage of the population whose food intake falls below the minimum level of dietary energy requirements, and who therefore are undernourished or food-deprived.
The estimates of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO of the prevalence of undernourishment are essentially measures of food deprivation based on calculations of three parameters for each country: The average amount of food available for human consumption is derived from national 'food balance sheets' compiled by FAO each year, which show how much of each food commodity a country produces, imports and withdraws from stocks for other, non-food purposes.
FAO then divides the energy equivalent of all the food available for human consumption by the total population, to derive average daily energy consumption. Data from household surveys are used to derive a coefficient of variation to account for the degree of inequality in access to food.
Similarly, because a large adult needs almost twice as much dietary energy as a 3-year-old child, the minimum energy requirement per person in each country is based on age, gender and body sizes in that country.
The average energy requirement is the amount of food energy needed to balance energy expenditure in order to maintain body weight, body composition and levels of necessary and desirable physical activity consistent with long-term good health. It includes the energy needed for the optimal growth and development of children, for the deposition of tissues during pregnancy and for the secretion of milk during lactation consistent with the good health of the mother and child.
The recommended level of dietary energy intake for a population group is the mean energy requirement of the healthy, well-nourished individuals who constitute that group. FAO reports the proportion of the population whose daily food intake falls below that minimum energy requirement as 'undernourished'. Trends in undernourishment are due mainly to: The indicator is a measure of an important aspect of food insecurity in a population. Sustainable development requires a concerted effort to reduce poverty, including solutions to hunger and malnutrition.
Alleviating hunger is a prerequisite for sustainable poverty reduction, as undernourishment seriously affects labour productivity and earning capacity.
Malnutrition can be the outcome of a range of circumstances. In order for poverty reduction strategies to be effective, they must address food access, availability and safety.
Rome, October The State of Food Insecurity in the World Economic growth is necessary but not sufficient to accelerate reduction of hunger and malnutrition.
FAO methodology to estimate the prevalence of undernourishment. FAO, Rome, 9 October Infant and young child feeding. The recommendations for feeding infants and young children 6—23 months include: The caring practice indicators for infant and young child feeding available on the NLIS country profiles include: Early initiation of breastfeeding.
This indicator is the percentage of infants who are put to the breast within 1 hour of birth. Breastfeeding contributes to saving children's lives, and there is evidence that delayed initiation of breastfeeding increases their risk for mortality. Infants under 6 months who are exclusively breastfed. This indicator is the percentage of infants aged 0—5 months who are exclusively breastfed. It is the proportion of infants aged 0—5 months who are fed exclusively on breast milk and no other food or drink, including water.
The infant is however, allowed to receive ORS and drops and syrups containing vitamins, minerals and medicine. Exclusive breastfeeding is an unequalled way of providing the ideal food for the healthy growth and development of infants; it is also an integral part of the reproductive process, with important implications for the health of mothers. An expert review of evidence showed that, on a population basis, exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months is the optimal way of feeding infants.
Breast milk is the natural first food for infants. It provides all the energy and nutrients that the infant needs for the first months of life. Breast milk promotes sensory and cognitive development and protects the infant against infectious and chronic diseases.
Exclusive breastfeeding reduces infant mortality due to common childhood illnesses, such as diarrhoea and pneumonia, and leads to quicker recovery from illness. Breastfeeding contributes to the health and well-being of mothers, by helping to space children, reducing their risks for ovarian and breast cancers and saving family and national resources. It is a secure way of feeding and is safe for the environment.
Infants aged 6—8 months who receive solid, semisolid or soft foods. WHO recommends starting complementary feeding at 6 months of age. It is defined as the proportion of infants aged 6—8 months who receive solid, semisolid or soft foods. When breast milk alone no longer meets the nutritional needs of the infant, complementary foods should be added. This is a very vulnerable period, and it is the time when malnutrition often starts, contributing significantly to the high prevalence of malnutrition among children under 5 worldwide.
Children aged 6—23 months who receive a minimum dietary diversity. This indicator is the percentage of children aged 6—23 months who receive a minimum dietary diversity. As per revised recommendation by TEAM in June , dietary diversity is present when the diet contained five or more of the following food groups: Children aged 6—23 months who receive a minimum acceptable diet. This indicator is the percentage of children aged 6—23 months who receive a minimum acceptable diet.
Proportion of children aged months who receive a minimum acceptable diet is included as a process indicator in the core set of indicators for the Global Nutrition Monitoring Framework. The composite indicator of a minimum acceptable diet is calculated from: Dietary diversity is present when the diet contained four or more of the following food groups: The minimum daily meal frequency is defined as: A minimum acceptable diet is essential to ensure appropriate growth and development for feeding infants and children aged 6—23 months.
Without adequate diversity and meal frequency, infants and young children are vulnerable to malnutrition, especially stunting and micronutrient deficiencies, and to increased morbidity and mortality. Source of all infant and young child feeding indicators. Infant and Young Child Feeding database. Infant and young child feeding list of publications.
Global Nutrition Monitoring Framework. Children with diarrhoea receiving oral rehydration therapy and continued feeding.
This indicator is the prevalence of children with diarrhoea who received oral rehydration therapy and continued feeding. It is the proportion of children aged months who had diarrhoea and were treated with oral rehydration salts or an appropriate household solution and continued feeding.
As oral rehydration therapy is a critical component of effective management of diarrhoea, monitoring coverage with this highly cost-effective intervention indicates progress towards the child survival-related Millennium Development Goals.
Health expenditure includes that for the provision of health services, family planning activities, nutrition activities and emergency aid designated for health, but excludes the provision of water and sanitation.
Health financing is a critical component of health systems. National health accounts provide a large set of indicators based on information on expenditure collected within an internationally recognized framework. National health accounts consist of a synthesis of the financing and spending flows recorded in the operation of a health system, from funding sources and agents to the distribution of funds between providers and functions of health systems and benefits geographically, demographically, socioeconomically and epidemiologically.
General government expenditure on health as a percentage of total government expenditure is the proportion of total government expenditure on health. General government expenditure includes consolidated direct and indirect outlays, such as subsidies and transfers, including capital, of all levels of government social security institutions, autonomous bodies and other extrabudgetary funds.
It consists of recurrent and capital spending from government central and local budgets, external borrowings and grants including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations and social or compulsory health insurance funds.
GDP is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government central and local budgets, external borrowings and grants including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations and social or compulsory health insurance funds.
Private health expenditure is the sum of outlays for health by private entities, such as commercial or mutual health insurance providers, non-profit institutions serving households, resident corporations and quasi-corporations not controlled by government involved in health services delivery or financing, and direct household out-of-pocket payments. These indicators reflect total and public expenditure on health resources, access and services, including nutrition.
Although increasing health expenditures are associated with better health outcomes, especially in low-income countries, there is no 'recommended' level of spending on health.
The larger the per capita income, the greater the expenditure on health. Some countries, however, spend appreciably more than would be expected from their income levels, and some appreciably less. When a government spends little of its GDP or attributes less of its total expenditure on health, this may indicate that health, including nutrition , are not regarded as priorities.
National health accounts - World Health Statistics, http: Human development report http: Core health indicators http: Human development report indicator glossary for indicator 3. Wealth, health and health expenditure. General government expenditure on health as a percentage of total government expenditure is defined as the level of general government expenditure on health GGHE expressed as a percentage of total government expenditure.
The indicator contributes to understanding the weight of public spending on health within the total value of public sector operations. It includes not just the resources channelled through government budgets but also the expenditure on health by parastatals, extrabudgetary entities and notably the compulsory health insurance.
The indicator refers to resources collected and pooled by public agencies including all the revenue modalities. The indicator provides information on the level of resources channelled to health relative to a country's wealth.
These indicators reflect government and total expenditure on health resources, access and services, including nutrition, in relation to government expenditure, the wealth of the country, and per capita. When a government attributes less of its total expenditure on health, this may indicate that health, including nutrition , are not regarded as priorities.
UNDAFs usually focus on three to five areas in which the country team can make the greatest difference, in addition to activities supported by other agencies in response to national demands but which fall outside the common UNDAF results matrix.
For each national priority selected for United Nations country team support, the UNDAF results matrix gives the outcome s , the outcomes and outputs of other agencies working alone or together, the role of partners, resource mobilization targets for each agency outcome and coordination mechanisms and programme modalities. The nutrition component of the UNDAF reflects the priority attributed to nutrition by the United Nations agencies in a country and is an indication of how much the United Nations system is committed to helping governments improve their food and nutrition situation.
The indicator is "strong", "medium" or "weak", depending on the degree to which nutrition is being addressed in the expected outcomes and outputs in the UNDAF. UNDAF documents follow a predefined format, with a core narrative and a results matrix. The matrix lists the high-level expected results 'the UNDAF outcomes' , the outcomes to be reached by agencies working alone or together and agency outputs. The results matrix the UNDAF document was used to assess commitment to nutrition , because it represents a synthesis of the strategy proposed in the document and is available in the same format in most country documents.
The outcomes and outputs specifically related to nutrition were identified and counted. The outputs were compared with the evidence-based interventions to reduce maternal and child under nutrition recommended in the Lancet Nutrition Series Bhutta et al.
The method and scoring are described in detail by Engesveen et al. What are the implications? A weak nutrition component in the UNDAF document does not necessarily imply that no United Nations agency in the country is working to improve nutrition ; however, unless such efforts are mentioned in strategy documents like the UNDAF, they may receive inadequate attention from development partners to ensure the necessary sustainability or scale-up to adequately address nutrition problems in the country.
The multisectoral nature of nutrition means that it must be addressed by a wide range of actors. Basing such action in frameworks for overall development contributes to ensuring the accountability of United Nations partners. Interventions for maternal and child under nutrition and survival. The Lancet Engesveen K et al. SCN News , Nutrition component of poverty reduction strategy papers.
The poverty reduction strategy approach was introduced in to empower governments to set their own priorities and to encourage donors to provide predictable, harmonized assistance aligned with country priorities. The PRSP should state the development priorities and specify the policies, programmes and resources needed to meet the goals. It is prepared by governments in a participatory process involving civil society and development partners, including the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, and should result in a comprehensive, country-based strategy for poverty reduction.
The indicator is "strong", "medium" or "weak", depending on the degree to which nutrition is addressed in the PRSP, in terms of recognition of under nutrition as a development problem, use of information on nutrition to analyse poverty and support for appropriate nutrition policies, strategies and programmes. The papers were systematically searched for key words to identify the parts that concerned nutrition , food security , health outcomes and interventions that would be relevant for the World Bank method.
In order to classify the commitments to nutrition in the PRSPs, a scoring system was developed, which is described in more detail by Engesveen et al. The emphasis given to nutrition in PRSPs reflects the extent to which the government considers it essential to improve nutrition for poverty reduction and national development. In other words, it can be an indication of the government's priority for improving nutrition.
A strong nutrition component in a PRSP means that the government considers nutrition a priority for poverty reduction and national development. A weak nutrition component in the document does not necessarily imply that no government department is working to improve nutrition ; however, unless such efforts are mentioned in strategy documents like PRSPs, they may not be sufficiently sustainable or be scaled-up to adequately address nutrition problems in the country. Basing such action in frameworks for overall development contributes to ensuring the accountability of relevant government departments.
Sources and further reading. Poverty reduction strategy papers. Assessing countries' commitment to accelerate nutrition action demonstrated in poverty reduction strategy paper, UNDAF and through nutrition governance. SCN News , , Shekar M, Lee Y-K. Mainstreaming nutrition in poverty reduction strategy papers: What does it take? A review of the early experience. Health, Nutrition and Population Discussion Paper, Landscape analysis on countries' readiness to accelerate action in nutrition , This indicator is a description of the strengths and weaknesses of various aspects of nutrition governance in countries.
The following 10 elements or characteristics are used to assess and describe the strength of nutrition governance: These elements were identified by countries as key elements for successful development and implementation of national nutrition policies and strategies during a review of the progress of countries in implementing the World Declaration and Plan of Action for Nutrition adopted by the International Conference on Nutrition, the first intergovernmental conference on nutrition Nishida et al.
The components of the composite indicator have been identified by countries as important for determining the completeness of national nutrition plans and policies Nishida, Mutru, Imperial Laue , For instance, a national nutrition plan and policy was considered to provide the political basis for initiating action. In many countries, official government endorsement or adoption of a national nutrition plan or policy facilitated its implementation.
The role of an intersectoral coordinating committee in implementing national nutrition plans and policies was also considered crucial, although the nature i. Another important element was considered to be regular surveys and other means of collecting data on nutrition.
A periodically updated national nutrition information system and routinely collected data on food and nutrition were considered important for evaluating the effectiveness of national nutrition plans and policies and identifying subsequent actions.
Strategies for effective and sustainable national nutrition plans and policies. Modern aspects of nutrition , present knowledge and future perspective. Basel , Karger Forum for Nutrition 56 , This indicates whether a government has adopted legislation to monitor and enforce the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes, which helps create an environment that enables mothers to make the best possible feeding choice, based on impartial information and free of commercial influences, and to be fully supported in doing so.
This indicator is defined on the basis of whether a government has adopted legislation for effective national implementation and monitoring of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes. The Code is a set of recommendations to regulate the marketing of breast-milk substitutes, feeding bottles and teats. The Code aims to contribute "to the provision of safe and adequate nutrition for infants, by the protection and promotion of breastfeeding, and by ensuring the proper use of breast-milk substitutes, when these are necessary, on the basis of adequate information and through appropriate marketing and distribution" Article 1.
Improper marketing and promotion of food products that compete with breastfeeding often negatively affect the choice and ability of a mother to breastfeed her infant optimally. The Code was formulated in response to the realization that such marketing resulted in poor infant feeding practices, which negatively affect the growth, health and development of children and are a major cause of mortality in infants and young children.
Breastfeeding practices worldwide are not yet optimal, in both developing and developed countries, especially for exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months of age. In addition to the risks posed by the lack of the protective qualities of breast milk, breast-milk substitutes and feeding bottles are associated with a high risk for contamination that can lead to life-threatening infections in young infants.
Infant formula is not a sterile product, and it may carry germs that can cause fatal illnesses. Artificial feeding is expensive, requires clean water, the ability of the mother or caregiver to read and comply with mixing instructions and a minimum standard of overall household hygiene.
These factors are not present in many households in the world. Frequently asked questions , These indicators provide information on national policies for legal entitlement to maternity protection, including leave from work during pregnancy and after birth, as well breastfeeding entitlements after return to work. Since the International Labour Organization ILO was founded in , international labour standards have been established to provide maternity protection for women workers.
Key elements of maternity protection include: The right to cash benefits during absence for maternity leave is intended to ensure that the woman can maintain herself and her child in proper conditions of health and with a suitable standard of living. The source of benefits is important due to potential discrimination in the labour market if employers have to bear the full costs.
The right to continue breastfeeding a child after returning to work is important since duration of leave entitlements generally is shorter than the WHO recommended duration of exclusive and continued breastfeeding. A composite indicator on maternity protection is included as a policy environment and capacity indicator in the core set of indicators for the Global Nutrition Monitoring Framework.
It currently uses the ILO classification of compliance with Convention on three key provisions leave duration, remuneration and source of cash benefits , but an alternative method taking into account higher standards as stated in Recommendation as well as breastfeeding entitlements is under development.
The ILO periodically publishes information on the above key indicators, including the assessment of compliance with Convention No. However, an alternative method is under development which may use a scale to indicate the degree of compliance is under development. This method will also take into account higher standards for leave duration and remuneration in Recommendation , as well as breastfeeding entitlements within both the Convention and Recommendation.
Pregnancy and maternity are potentially vulnerable time for working women and their families. Expectant and nursing mothers require special protection to prevent any potential adverse effects for them and their infants. They need adequate time to give birth, to recover from delivery process, and to nurse their children. At the same time, they also require income security and protection to ensure that they will not suffer from income loss or lose their job because of pregnancy or maternity leave.
Such protection not only ensures a woman's equal access and right to employment, it also ensures economic sustainability for the well-being of the family. Returning to work after maternity leave has been identified as a significant cause for never starting breastfeeding, early cessation of breastfeeding and lack of exclusive breastfeeding.
In most low- and middle-income countries, paid maternity leave is limited to formal sector employment or is not always provided in practice. The ILO estimates that more than million women lack economic security around childbirth with adverse effects on the health, nutrition and well-being of mothers and their children.
Maternity cash benefits for workers in the informal economy. Rollins et al Why invest, and what it will take to improve breastfeeding practices? Database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation. The legislative data are collected by ILO through periodical reviews of national labour and social security legislation and secondary sources, such as the International Social Security Association and International Network on Leave Policies and Research; as well as consultations with ILO experts in regional and national ILO offices around the world.
The composite indicator on maternity protection included in the Global Nutrition Monitoring Framework is currently defined as whether the country has maternity protection laws or regulations in place compliant with the provisions for leave duration, remuneration and source of cash benefits in Convention Documentation for the maternity protection database http: Degree training in nutrition exists.
What does the indicator tell us? This indicator reflects the capacity of a country to train professionals in nutrition in terms of having national higher education institutions offering training in nutrition. This indicator is defined as the existence of higher education institutions offering training in nutrition in the country.
Higher education training institutions include universities and other schools offering graduate and post-graduate degrees in nutrition or dietetics, including public health nutrition, community nutrition, food and nutrition policy, clinical nutrition, nutrition science and epidemiology. Trained nutrition professionals work at facilities including health facilities as well as at population and community levels and may influence nutrition policies, and designing and implementation of nutrition intervention programmes at various levels.
They also play an important role in training of other health and non-health cadres to plan and deliver nutrition interventions in various settings. It is recognized that availability, within a country, of sufficient workforce with appropriate training in nutrition will lead to better outcomes for country-specific nutrition and health concerns. A competency framework for global public health nutrition workforce development: World Public Health Nutrition Association.
Registering as Registered Nutritionist. Building systemic capacity for nutrition: Nutrition is part of medical curricula. This indicator reflects the inclusion of maternal, infant and young child nutrition in pre-service training of health personnel. This indicator is defined as the existence of pre-service training in maternal, infant and young child nutrition for health personnel.
The survey investigates training in three key areas of maternal, infant and young child nutrition, namely growth monitoring and promotion, breastfeeding and complementary feeding, and management of severe or moderate acute malnutrition. The first two of these three training topics are relevant for all forms of malnutrition, whereas the third topic only pertains to undernutrition. Training on other topics e. Adequate training of health professionals is essential to ensure that nutrition activities are included in their regular health care activities.
Nutrition counseling training changes physician behavior and improves caregiver knowledge acquisition. Nutrition Journal ; Trained nutrition professionals density. The focus of the nutrition professional indicator is on individuals trained to pursue a nutrition professional career, described in most countries as dieticians or nutritionists including nutrition scientists, nutritional epidemiologists and public health nutritionists. These individuals are trained sufficiently in nutrition practice to demonstrate defined competencies and to meet certification or registration requirements of national or global nutrition or dietetics professional organizations.
Dieticians and nutritionists may complete the same training and perform the same functions in some countries but not others. This indicator is defined as the number of trained nutrition professionals per , population in the country in a specified year. Validation of the indicator has shown that it can predict several maternal, infant and young child nutrition outcomes. Global nutrition monitoring framework: Density of nurses and midwi ves. Nurse and midwife density indicates whether nurses and midwifery personnel are available to address the health care needs of a given population.
It is the number of nursing and midwifery personnel and density per 10 population. These personnel include professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses. Traditional attendants are not counted here but as community or traditional health workers. There is no gold standard for a sufficient health workforce to address the health care needs of a given population.
It has been estimated, however, that countries with fewer than 25 health-care professionals counting only physicians, nurses and midwives per 10 population fail to achieve adequate coverage rates for selected primary health care interventions that are priorities in the Millennium Development Goals. The World Health Report Working together for health. The World Health Report papers. G ross domestic product per capita and annual growth rate.
GDP per capita purchasing power parity is the GDP divided by the midyear population, where GDP is the total value of goods and services for final use produced by resident producers in an economy, regardless of the allocation to domestic and foreign claims. It does not include deductions for depreciation of physical capital or depletion and degradation of natural resources. Purchasing power parity indicates the rate of exchange that accounts for price differences across countries, allowing international comparisons of real output and incomes.
Purchasing power parity rates allow standard comparisons of real prices among countries, just as conventional price indexes allow comparisons of real values over time; use of normal exchange rates could result in over - or undervaluation of purchasing power.
GDP per capita annual growth rate is defined as the least squares annual growth rate, calculated from constant price GDP per capita in local currency units. Higher income is usually associated with lower rates of mal nutrition. Improving income however, reduces mal nutrition to only a small degree World Bank On the basis of the correlation between growth and nutrition , it is estimated that a sustained per capita economic growth of 2.
These estimates suggest that countries cannot depend on economic growth alone to reduce mal nutrition within an acceptable time. Repositioning nutrition as central to development. A strategy for large-scale action , Human solidarity in a divided world , Official development assistance received net disbursements as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product GDP is a measure of the flow of aid, private capital and debt in comparison with the value of goods and services produced within the country.
This indicator is official development assistance received as a percentage of the GDP. Net official development assistance consists of grants or loans to countries or territories from the official sector, with the main objective of promoting economic development and welfare, at concessional financial terms.
GDP is the total value of final goods and services produced within a country's borders in a year, regardless of ownership. When official development assistance makes up a large proportion of the GDP, a country is highly aid dependent, with the risk of unpredictable aid and donor-driven aid programmes.
This can affect the resources allocated to nutrition , which are often not a donor priority in the sector-wide aid strategies promoted by the Paris Declaration Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness: This indicator identifies countries with low income and food inadequacy.
A country is classified by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization FAO as 'low-income food-deficit' for analytical purposes on the basis of low income and food inadequacy, and the status is agreed by the country itself. The classification applies to countries that have a per capita income below the ceiling used by the World Bank to determine eligibility for International Development Association assistance and for year terms determined by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, applied to countries included in World Bank categories I and II.
The second criterion is based on the net i. Trade volumes of a broad range of basic foodstuffs cereals, roots and tubers, pulses, oilseeds and oils other than tree crop oils, meat and dairy products are converted and aggregated by the calorie content of individual commodities.
The third criterion, which is self-exclusion, is applied when countries that meet the above two criteria specifically request to be excluded from the low-income food-deficit category. In order to avoid too frequent changes of low-income food-deficit status, usually reflecting short-term, exogenous shocks, an additional factor is taken into consideration.
This factor, called 'persistence of position', postpones the 'exit' of a country from the list even if it does not meet the low-income or the food-deficit criterion, until the change in its status is verified for 3 consecutive years. In other words, a country is taken off the list in the fourth year after confirming a sustained improvement in its position. During these 3 years, the country is considered to be in a transitional phase. The rationale behind the low-income food-deficit classification is that being both food deficit and having a low income at the same time means that the country lacks the resources not only to import food but also to produce sufficient amounts domestically.
It is the combination of these two factors that makes these countries both food insecure and susceptible to domestic and external shocks, which could affect the nutrition al status of vulnerable populations. The low-income food-deficit list is intended to capture this aspect of the food problem. In comparison with countries in other classifications commonly used for analytical and operational purposes, e.
Committee on World Food Security. Rome , June Averaged aggregate governance indicators. The world governance indicators of the World Bank Institute define governance as the traditions and institutions by which authority in a country is exercised. This includes the process by which governments are selected, monitored and replaced; the capacity of the government to formulate and implement sound policies effectively; and the respect of citizens and the state for the institutions that govern economic and social interactions among them.
The world governance indicators measure six broad definitions of governance, capturing the key elements of this definition: The averaged aggregate governance indicators in the NLIS country profile represent the aggregated average of the six world governance indicators.
The indicators represent the views of thousands of stakeholders worldwide, including respondents to household and firm surveys and experts from nongovernmental organizations, public sector agencies and providers of commercial business information. The NLIS averaged aggregate governance indicators are calculated from the average of the z scores a measure of standard deviations away from the mean of the six world governance indicators. Each of the six indicators are expressed as the standard normal units, ranging from around The Guide is designed to help you reclaim your right to know about the foods you are buying, and help you find and avoid GE foods.
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But the power of advertising has prevailed, even more so in third world countries with less restrictions on cigarette advertising. Is it the Tobacco Plant, or Something Else? Avoid enclosed areas where people smoke. The Department of Health and Human Services had approved chemical additives to cigarettes by Among them are ammonia compounds to create a nicotine freebase effect.
Then there are the toxic additives to the paper to make it burn evenly. Cadmium is a heavy metal with a half-life of 10 to 30 years residence in human tissue, and it easily surpasses toxic levels. Few mention chemtrails or aerosol geoengineering exposure because most deny their existence.
Deny them all you want, but the heavy metal nanoparticles have been trapped in ground level water or air traps after heavy chemtrailing include, among others, barium, aluminum, and cadmium. Retired neurosurgeon and author Dr. Russell Blaylock has voiced concerns over chemtrail aluminum nanoparticles that are breathed in and make their way into the central nervous system and brain. Access a study on that here.
Then begin watching your sky objectively. You can protect yourself from those toxic nanoparticles by detoxing heavy metals often. My favorites are lots of chlorella, fresh organic cilantro, and cliniptilolite zeolite powder not capsules or liquids.
Here are 6 foods for natural heavy metal chelation. A five day detox with 1. Shallenberger - Real Cures newsletter July , Vol. But which ones are the most important? Almost all of my diabetic patients have seen tremendous results using these. Chromium piccolinate— Chromium is an important element in your glucose tolerance factor GTF. GTF is made up of chromium, niacin, and the amino acids cysteine, glutamic acid, and glycine, and worksin tandem with insulin to regulate blood sugar levels.
I suggest a dose of 1, mcg to 3, mcg daily. Alpha lipoic acid— Serves a central role in fat metabolism. It is critical for the production of acetyl-coenzyme A from fat. Acetyl-coenzyme A is the substance that kick starts the energy production cycle. In the event of a deficiency of this enzyme, lactic acid levels rise in the body and can lead to lactic acidosis — a potentially life-threatening condition. Lipoic acid is important for preventing the onset of diabetes, improving blood sugar control, reducing the incidence of cataracts in diabetics, preventing kidney damage which is a common diabetes complication , and it also helps prevent peripheral neuropathy which is common in diabetics.
Many cases of diabetic neuropathy can be improved and even cured using mg, three times a day. In the absence of neuropathy, I recommend doses of mg two times a day. I consider lipoic acid an absolutely essential part of any treatment or prevention strategy for diabetes. Niacinamide— This is a specific form of niacin. Niacin is a nutrient all of us should get more of. For diabetics, it's one of the most important nutrients for maintaining proper fat metabolism and correct triglyceride levels.
I have my patients take a minimum of mg of niacinamide a day. Preferably , mg daily. L-Carnitine— L-Carnitine works incombination with fat molecules, lipoic acid, and acetyl-coenzyme A to penetrate the membrane of the mitochondria. I recommend 1, mg to 3, mg of carnitine daily.
Glycyrrhiza glabra— You probably know this one as licorice. Licorice is one of my favorite herbs for my diabetic patients because of its amazing effect on exhausted adrenal glands. It contains natural precursors for the production of adrenal hormones.
It works in a similar way to the adrenal hormone aldosterone, which is often deficient in adrenal insufficiency. In rare cases, supplementing with licorice can slightly elevate blood pressure levels. If you have hypertension, it's important to keep a check on blood pressure levels when taking licorice.
In addition, licorice can also lead to a decline in potassium levels. Vanadium— Like chromium, vanadium is another trace mineral that plays an enormous role in the activity of insulin. In the form of vanadyl sulfate, it not only improves insulin resistance, but has its own insulin effect, making it especially important for people with low insulin levels.
It does this by increasing the number of islet cells in the pancreas and actually regenerates and repairs islet cells previously destroyed by free radicals. Other herbs— I also recommend a number of herbal supplements to help improve insulin sensitivity.
One is Galega officinalis, which contains an ingredient called guanidine from which the diabetes drug metformin is produced. And the second is Mormodica Charantia, or bitter lemon. I recommend mg of a 4: Together, these two herbs alone can have a modest effect on insulin sensitivity, but when combined with the other supplements mentioned here, they can make quite a difference. Clots, Strokes -- but not for bleeding strokes] Dr. In fact, she hadn't had a decent night's sleep in over a year.
When I examined her, June was overweight and her blood pressure was elevated. The emergency doctor had prescribed a nitroglycerin patch for the angina. Nitroglycerin is a very old herbal remedy that works exceptionally well for angina. It causes the blood vessels leading to the heart to expand and permits more blood to flow in.
The first thing I did was to tell her to stay on her nitro patch. Then, I prescribed the homeopathic medication, ignatia. Ignatia is an excellent remedy for conditions caused by grief, especially insomnia. Next, I explained to her that blood flow was not just a matter of how big the arteries are. It is also a matter of how thick the blood is. Thick blood is like oil on a cold day.
It can't flow well, and tends to clog. That's why the doctor had placed her on an aspirin twice a day. To keep her blood thin and flowing well, I prescribed two treatments.
First, I put her on a boiled vegetables-only diet. Absolutely no fat or protein. Dietary fat and protein thickens the blood for several hours after eating, and this was not a good idea for her at this time.
Second, I had her take the following supplements three times a day: All of these remedies work in different ways to thin out the blood. Then I stopped the aspirin: No need to take aspirin now that she was on this therapy.
The last thing she needed was an aspirin-induced ulcer. She was sleeping better, and had more energy. Better yet, her angina pains never returned. I told her to stop the nitro patches, because I didn't think she needed them anymore.
Two months later, I sent June to a cardiologist for evaluation. Although she felt great and had lost 17 pounds, I wanted to make sure she was ready to start exercising. The cardiologist performed a stress test and an echocardiogram. No signs of heart disease at all. She was given full permission to start a regular exercise program. It is now seven years later. I see June once a year just to make sure that she is taking good care of herself.
The key to her program is a combination of monthly chelation treatments combined with a personalized diet and an exercise program. She remarried two years ago, and told me she has never been happier. I have a question about garlic. What's the best way to consume it: I prefer to use the natural garlic as opposed to capsules, but have not been able to discover which is most beneficial.
In this form, it's one of the best remedies for intestinal parasites and yeast. I'll never forget a patient I had once who had severe coronary artery disease, and was told by his cardiologist that he needed an immediate surgery or he would surely die. Instead he started eating a whole bulb of raw garlic a day, along with two teaspoons of cayenne pepper. But it shows you how powerful the herb is. I would recommend that you mince fresh garlic, let it soak in olive oil for about an hour, and take it that way.
Start off easy, because it might take a while for your stomach and intestines to get used to it. All other approaches used in medicine do not halt progression of the disease, i. Keeping lungs healthy and airways clear is important. Here are 6 herbal tools that can help you breathe easier People should be protected from harmful products, or products that have "unidentified and unforeseen consequences for humans," especially when used for food. Sometimes it seems our country has traded places with the cold war communists of days past.
We may not agree with everything that Putin does in the name of Russia, but at least he is willing to do what our President is not in the US — protect his people from genetically modified foods.
But even with this in mind, we nevertheless have legitimate methods and instruments to protect our own market, and above all citizens. The WTO is a big pusher of genetically modified crops. They would then be obliged to actively seek the additional information needed for a more objective risk assessment, and to review the measure within a reasonable period of time. Serbia is one of them. This is a private organization which, like the biotech companies currently trying to dominate agriculture, have undue influence and power over world industry.
A three-man tribunal http: At least Putin is protecting his people from poison. They have also been credited with contributing to the decimation of honey bees around the world. The pesticides acetamiprid and imidacloprid need tighter restrictions. They say these two pesticides, commonly found in conventionally-grown US crops, can have serious health repercussions and must be cut back.
Earlier this year, the US Dept. For years, children in the U. Those with the most imidacloprid included: The produce where it was found most frequently included: The sickening overuse of pesticides has led to countless environmental and health issues both in the U. The effects of pesticides range from infertility and birth defects to diabetes and cancer. A step toward organic farming and a serious hiatus from conventional pesticide use.
What to Do http: Toxic at One Dose: While these technological devices can offer incredible service and ease in a hectic, modern world, they can also be a serious health hazard. Cell phones emit radiofrequency energy, a form of non-ionizing radiation. Our bodies absorb this radiation and have a difficult time processing it — leading to numerous bodily complications. Interestingly, the tumor development was found on the side of the head in which the cellphone was most used.
On the association between glioma, wireless phones, heredity and ionising radiation http: One of 18 States Pushing Corporate Drugs http: Russell Blaylock on MSG and brain-damaging excitotoxins http: Russell Blaylock on devastating health effects of MSG, aspartame and excitotoxins http: New "Natural" Doritos contains yeast extract http: The problem is that yeast extract is a hidden source of MSG monosodium glutamate , according to my sources see below.
MSG, you may know, is classified as an excitotoxin by Dr. Russell Blaylock, who is a doctor, author, and expert on chemicals that damage the nervous system. MSG is well known to cause migraine headaches, seizures, and other nervous system disorders.
Blaylock's research also shows that MSG damages the endocrine system and causes obesity due to impaired appetite control regulation causes you to be unable to stop eating. Doctors and authors who are warning people about yeast extract include Dr. Schwartz, Phyllis Balch, Dr. Alexander Mauskop and even the Life Extension Foundation sources cited below.
Yeast extract is also used in so-called "natural" veggie burger products sold in grocery stores and health food stores. In fact, yeast extract is the No. Don't trust the labels that say "all natural" on the front. Read the ingredients and look for yeast extract. Hear the 'Awakenings' podcast from the Health Ranger http: It is an evergreen tree from South America that produces a type of bark that has been claimed to cure or prevent cancer, along with other illnesses.
The scientific name is Tabebuia avellanedae, and the tea that is made from this bark is often referred to as "Pau d'arco," though many alternative names have been used. The University of Maryland found that this specific tea, or bark extract, has anticancer properties, as well as anti-inflammatory, antiparasitic, antifungal and antimicrobial properties.
There has not been any well-known testing on humans, but studies have already proven that this particular bark provides a stimulation of immune system cells known as macrophages. Additionally, this bark has been reported to kill lung cancer cells and liver cancer cells that were grown and analyzed in a test-tube study.
The tea, often called Taheebo tea, is hard to mix with water, requiring up to 20 minutes of varying heat and boiling measures, but many people have reported this particular tea to have cured them of their health ailments. One website reports a testimonial that claims this tea to have cured a man diagnosed with lymphoma, and who had only a matter of months to live.
In , Anna Hodgekiss with the Daily Mail reported a woman who had been diagnosed with Crohn's disease and who took it upon herself to test many different barks for a cure. She did not specify the particular bark she found successful, but she has already sold it to a pharmaceutical company, going to show that bark is a form of treatment in which people can place their trust. The typical uses of Pau d'arco, listed by the University of Maryland, include treatment of cancer, candidiasis, influenza, parasitic disease, herpes and bacterial infection.
Louise Tenney writes in the Cancer News Journal, that this tree bark, sometimes called Ipe Roxo, has curative powers that have proved countless times to have healed thousands of people. It very well might be that the cure for cancer is found in this tree bark. Distributors of this bark reported that a client cured his dog of a skin condition with the tea. The owner himself claims this tea cured colon cancer in his own father.
Although this tree is now endangered, the main producers of the tea instructs people to use their signature method when stripping the bark from the tree so that it does not kill the species but leaves it able to produce more bark for future harvests. High levels of the bark extract have the potential to be poisonous. One study, however, conducted in the 70s by the National Cancer Institute, found no toxic effects on liver or kidney tissue. The ACS also claims that many people are selling derivatives and false variations of the bark.
There was a study in Canada that tested 12 products claiming to be Pau d'arco and found only one of these products to have contained lapachol, which is the pure ingredient of Pau d'arco. The University of Maryland cautions consumers that this bark in heavy doses can cause unmanageable bleeding, while some proponents actually claim this is a blood builder. It is hard to tell how beneficial this herb exactly is, but it might prove more helpful than harsher Western medical treatments.
Sources of this article include: Their antioxidant component scientifically proven to cause cancer http: We're talking about nearly 75, Americans each year. Is this a plague upon us?
Chickens are supposed to eat BUGS too, y'know? Also, fish are supposed to eat plankton, krill and algae and many types are high in omega-3 -- not corn and ground up-larger fish from which they accumulate heavy metals, PCBs and other toxins.
Much of what medical researchers conclude in their studies is misleading, exaggerated, or flat-out wrong. So why are doctors—to a striking extent—still drawing upon misinformation in their everyday practice? John Ioannidis has spent his career challenging his peers by exposing their bad science. A new book exposes the fraud and reviews the legitimate alternative cures. Neither a cure nor prevention is the priority any longer, because the real money is made from treating cancer.
Despite the efforts of the cartel to suppress natural cancer therapies, many have succeeded in actually curing thousands of terminal patients so that they can return to a normal life. Juxtaposing these alternative therapies against traditional therapy is the focus of the book. As far as the 'War on Cancer', even with hundreds of billions contributed to the cause over the past 4 decades, the survival rate shows little improvement. In place of the medical cartel-devised Obamacare, a new system designed from the ground up is needed to create truly affordable healthcare.
It's necessary to take a stand, don't wait for armed IRS agents to come knocking at your door. Interleaved with these stories are factual reports about the Medical Cartel. Tribute is paid to visionaries who made major contributions towards our understanding of cancer, especially Dr Otto Warburg, Nobel Prize winner and biochemist who discovered the generic cause of cancer in the 's. Other great innovators in cancer research and promotion of natural cures are Dean Burk, Max Gerson, Stanislaw Burzynski and Ernst Krebs Jr who each achieved extraordinary breakthroughs.
Now, the imposition of Obamacare appears to be an even worse omen for the future. Later, he tried to change his promise to a conditional one: That era has been long gone as a large number of Congressmen now spend their time huddling with lobbyists and planning new ways to enrich large corporations. This situation is reflected in the lowest public opinion poll of Congress ever taken.
When the first round of insurance cancellation notices were sent out in the last quarter of , the deception of 'keeping your healthcare plan' hit home to 6,, Americans who held private insurance. Even worse, the Department of Health and Human Services HHS estimates another 75 million who have employer-provided health insurance will lose their existing plans as well.
According to Ron Paul, "16, armed bureaucrats coming to make this program work - if it was a good program and everybody liked it, you wouldn't need 16, thugs coming with their guns and putting you in jail if you didn't follow all the rules. Senator Max Baucus, from whose committee the bill originated said Obamacare was drafted by Liz Fowler, left, who was Vice President at WellPoint, the largest private health insurer in the country. Then she returned to the Senator's committee to play a prime role in drafting Obamacare legislation.
Not only did Fowler play a major role in writing the law, but she then joined the Obama Administration to help implement the law. Yet even with documented evidence of their successful cures and patient testimonies to back them up, these medical visionaries have suffered inordinate harassment and in some cases arrests, lawsuits and trials initiated by the American Medical Association and the corrupt FDA until most were forced to close their clinics and leave the United States.
The people most affected by this harassment and persecution are those cancer patients who desire alternative therapies that work and those classified as terminal, left with no hope. Besides assisting Big Pharma research, they helped the FDA by producing negative test results for natural therapies.
They served to expand membership, raise income and attack all known alternative cancer therapies, forcing most out of business. The revolving door between the Drug monoliths and the FDA is well known and explains their priorities. Fluoridation and Cancer As Dr Burk of the NCI revealed thru scientific studies, adding Fluoride to city reservoirs results in dramatically higher cancer rates in those cities. Vaccination and Cancer A steady increase in the vaccinations of young children has led to the dramatic increase in cancer over the past 60 years.
The SV40 virus embedded in the polio vaccines of the 50's has proven to be a virulent carcinogen. Vaccine preservatives such as mercury and formaldehyde are also highly toxic and bio-accumulate in the body. At the FDA, which is, in fact, killing Americans at that rate, no one has ever felt the need to step forward and speak up.
Let's shift the venue and ask the same question. If you were a medical reporter for a major media outlet in the US, and you knew the above fact, wouldn't you make it a priority to say something, write something, do something?
And with that, let's go to the smoking guns. The report was compiled by outside researchers who went into the FDA's own database of "serious adverse [medical-drug] events.
The FDA knows and it isn't saying anything about it, because the FDA certifies, as safe and effective, all the medical drugs that are routinely maiming and killing Americans. Previously, I have documented that the FDA knows; because the FDA has a page on its own website that admits , people are killed every year by medical drugs, and two million more people are severely injured by the drugs.
And for the past five years or so, I have been writing about and citing a published report by the late Dr. Barbara Starfield that indicates , people in the US are killed by medical drugs every year. Until her death in , Dr. Her report, "Is US health really the best in the world? Since the Department of Homeland Security is working its way into every nook and corner of American life, hyper-extending its mandate to protect all of us from everything, why shouldn't I go along with Janet Napolitano's advice: This is what I see and this is what I'm saying.
How many smoking guns do we need before a sitting president shuts down the FDA buildings, fumigates the place, and prosecutes very large numbers of FDA employees? Do we need , smoking guns every year? Do we need relatives of the people who've all died in the span of merely a year, from the poisonous effects of FDA-approved medical drugs, to bring their corpses to the doors of FDA headquarters?
And let me ask another question. If instead of drugs like warfarin, dabigatran, levofloxacin, carboplatin, and lisinopril the five leading killers in the FDA database , the , deaths per year were led by gingko, ginseng, vitamin D, niacin, and raw milk, what do you think would happen? I'll tell you what would happen.
The resulting fatalities would be written off as necessary collateral damage in the fight to keep America safe and healthy. All those phony stories in the press, reported dutifully by so-called medical reporters? The stories about maybe-could-be-possible-miracle breakthroughs just over the horizon of state-of-the-art medical research? Those stories are there to obscure the very, very hard facts of medically-caused death on the ground.
The buck stops at the FDA. Except in the real world, it doesn't. Which tells you something about the so-called real world and how much of it is composed of propaganda. Here is the situation. No medical drug in the US can be released for public use unless and until the FDA says it is safe and effective. The FDA is spitting out drug approvals month after month and year after year, and the drugs are routinely killing , people a year and maiming two million more, which adds up to a million deaths per decade and 20 million maimings per decade.
The FDA and the federal government are doing nothing about it, even though they know what's going on. This is mass murder. Well, a New York court made such a determination long ago, and recently refused the plea of a plaintiff who tried to overturn the archaic decision.
Massachusetts], all children who attend New York pubic schools can be 'forced' to be vaccinated, according to a 2nd circuit court of law.
The law was determined in but was recently challenged by Dina Check, the plaintiff who decided that her Catholic religion gave her a right to determine whether or not her child should be vaccinated. While religious leanings are a fine reason to refuse a vaccination -- the court also determined against her in the case because there was 'strong evidence' that her refusal vaccines were due to her fear of them being harmful, and not due to her religious beliefs.
Unfortunately, it's true that vaccines can potentially cause unwanted problems, as outlined even by the CDC's Vaccine Adverse Event reports. Vaccine could lead to reproductive health damage, hampered child development, and other neurological disorders. This is no less abhorrent than the teenage girl who was recently told by a court of law that she HAD to get chemotherapy for her cancer treatment. How can the nations of the free make such an enforcement on its citizens?
There are currently 58 bills in 24 different states that would limit your rights when it comes to vaccines, and in some cases, you would be forced or face jail time or have your children taken from you by Child Protective Services.
This should also cause a moment of reflection since the US has an extremely high infant mortality rate and we start vaccinating our babies before they even reach 12 months old. I hope Dina Check appeals, and so does the year old Hodgkin's patient. Your health is your right. Obamacare Fiasco This chapter covers a description of the failed launch, website deficiencies, security issues, continuing exclusions and delays and the insidious role of the IRS.
Natural therapies are available and the book highlights several possibilities. One must realize that cancer is not some foreign invader but a part of our biological process that has run amuck. It can be cured with proper knowledge and self discipline. Dr Otto Warburg recommends a solution and makes a startling revelation: For further info see http: If a paperback is preferred expected in 2 months , please send your email address.
David Belk videos on the True Cost of Healthcare. Kenneth Anton is an American who resides in Bangkok. Ryke Geerd Hamer, left, discovered that not only cancer but all diseases are triggered by unexpected shocks and traumas. Thugs showed up and threatened that if he didn't disown his findings, things would become unpleasant. Hugo Salinas Price [Lindsey Williams knows this Mexican billionaire, who has given us advice about the coming collapse of the dollar -- search for his name on my Latest page.
When the war was over, the Spanish began to investigate the culture of the conquered people and found, to their amazement, that the people of what is now Mexico possessed a vast body of medical knowledge based on the curative qualities of plants. The Spanish filed reports and sent back to Spain drawings of the plants with their Aztec names together with information about their curative powers.
The reaction of the doctors in Spain was immediate. They do not know that the human body is governed by four humors or liquid spirits in the body: These humors are affected by the planets, the Sun and the Moon.
When there is no balance of these humors in the body, then the body is sick. The Aztecs have only experience upon which to base their medicine; our medicine is vastly superior because we know the true theory of health, and we deduce our medicine from the theory. All that medicine from New Spain Mexico is nonsense. Faced by an accuser, he pulled out a cutting from an herb from a little bag he was carrying.
He asked the accuser to smell it, which he did. Nothing could stop it. The Aztec was implored to stop the bleeding. He pulled out another herb from his bag and gave it to the bleeding man to smell. The hemorrhage stopped immediately. The case against the Aztec doctor was dismissed.
Such is the world, and such it will ever be. Today, Ph Ds in Economics infest the landscape. However, we are not to be taken into account, like the Aztec doctors, because we do not know the all-important theory.
We only have the experience of centuries, or millennia, to back up our considerations, and that of course, cuts no ice: Take the case of the Dutchman Antony van Leeuwenhoek He became wealthy as a cloth merchant. In his youth, as an apprentice to a cloth merchant, he first saw a magnifying glass, which was used by such merchants to examine their goods more closely.
Later on, he developed a fascination with lenses; he began to make his own lenses and to apply them to looking at tiny things which had never been examined before.
He wrote to the Royal Society believing them to be open-mined and interested in his work. Well, the Royal Society disbelieved his account of these microbes — the first any man had seen! He was only a retired cloth merchant. What could he know? Then again, we have Galileo, who first saw the moons that circle Jupiter, which convinced him that the Earth circles the Sun — an opinion hateful to the Catholic Church at that time.
He barely escaped burning at the stake, a fate which ended the life of Giordano Bruno in , who postulated an infinite Universe and the multiplicity of worlds. An emissary from the Inquisition visited Galileo in his home. Galileo urged him to look through his telescope and see the moons of Jupiter for himself.
The official refused to look through the telescope. Theory or dogma had to take precedence. The facts are irrelevant if they do not confirm the theory or dogma.
This attitude prevails to our day, and will always prevail as long as human nature is what it is. The experience of the Wright brothers is illuminating with regard to the Media. The Wright brothers had been flying their airplane on the outskirts of Dayton, Ohio, for five years before the local newspaper decided to send a reporter to investigate — the idea of a heavier-than-air machine taking to the air was unthinkable, why bother? The vast majority of people do not really see with their own eyes: However, hundreds of millions of individuals all over the world attribute the collapse of these buildings to the fact that they were struck by two airplanes, and they will get angry if you suggest that the buildings could not have collapsed as a result of those airplanes crashing into them; the fact that WTC-7 collapsed on its own footprint, like the Twin Towers, and no airplane struck it is — well, beside the point for these people.
Facts are supposed to confirm a theory; if they do not — then the facts must be shelved. So the uncomfortable facts that archeologists come up with are filtered out of their reports. In their field of investigation, theory comes first, and only facts which agree with the Darwinian theory of evolution are reported.
Other facts are discreetly ignored. But the ultimate delusion prevailing in the world for the last forty years is fiat money. This delusion is so powerful that only a tiny minority among the close to 7 billion human beings on Earth is aware that it is a delusion, that all the money being used in the world as money, is in fact not money, but a simulation of money.
Fiat money is now rapidly destroying the world, but in spite of all the signs pointing to fiat money as the cause, the foremost brains of the world refuse to acknowledge the fact. Their theories, which they were taught in prestigious schools and universities, take precedence over the fact of collapsing economies.
This book was first published in , and reprinted in This book places before us a microcosm of our present world. What happened in Revolutionary France in the years to is precisely what is taking place in the whole world in The world is living in a process of monetary degeneration which began, explicitly, with the outbreak of World War I in , though its origin lay in a series of previous financial malpractices dating back years before World War I; the disastrous conclusion of that process is approaching.
The lawmakers, impatient to resolve the problem of economic malaise which the Revolution itself had caused, decided to take a short-cut to stimulate the economy. Deaf to the warnings of men with financial experience, they confirmed to one another the supposed validity of their fallacious reasoning; convincing themselves of the viability of their monetary scheme, the lawmakers carried forward a project based on fiat money — money irredeemable in gold or silver.
In spite of the negative results which this policy soon produced — a steadily falling purchasing power of this fiat money, reflected in the rising prices of all goods - they insisted on pressing forward on this mistaken road and attributed the bad results to everything but their policy of inflation with fictitious money. That invariable law of finance with regard to fiat money, the law of the acceleration in the issue of fiat money and its concomitant accelerated depreciation, took possession of the French legislature.
Seven years later, France was totally ruined. Manufacturing had closed down. Unemployment was pervasive and consequently the stagnating salaries for labor brought enormous hardship for the poor, amid rising prices of food, clothing and fuel. Unemployment was only relieved by the military drafts which sent millions of Frenchmen to their deaths in the foreign wars. Morals suffered a precipitous decline.
All business activity became a game of chance. Speculation enriched unscrupulous men and at the same time swept the poorer classes of the population into misery. Famine forced the government to dole out bread to the population. What is perhaps most noteworthy in this fateful French experiment is that not one of those responsible for the disaster ever acknowledged having been mistaken.
What took place in France, under the régime of fiat money, is precisely what is happening in our world today. The same phenomena observed in France in the 18th century can be seen all over the world, today. Those responsible for the huge world crisis of the present time insist on continuing down the path that led to this disaster.
Not one of those responsible is willing to recognize that they have all been mistaken. They insist, as did the French revolutionaries, on applying greater doses of fiat money: The destruction of France took only seven years. The same policy that destroyed France now operates around the world. Therefore, the moral and economic destruction has taken longer, since the whole world is the theatre of this tragedy, and not only one country.
The fatal outcome of this experiment with fiat money will arrive, sooner or later; it will have worldwide effects and it will take a century, at least, for the world to regain economic health. And when this tragic conclusion shall have arrived, the readers of this little book may be quite sure that not one of those responsible for the catastrophe will ever admit that he had been mistaken.
Renee Caisse then gave it to her aunt who has the same health need. Maclean, the late Dr. Charles Brusch — President John F. Maclean entered into an agreement with Dr. Maclean states, has been improved upon to make it more efficacious and safe. He added two more herbs to the formula and tripled the amount of herbs used to make the product. Jim Feijo added a seventh herb to the formula, perfecting the concentrated herbal remedy. Why 7 Herb Formula?
Maclean also improved the processing of the herbs to maintain the maximum therapeutic value from each herb. It was Jim Feijo of Daniel Chapter One who came up with the 7 Herb Formula that included Eleutherococcus senticosus Eleuthero , an adaptogenic, tonifying herb, to help the body adapt to internal and external stress.
The compounds in Eleuthero have demonstrated a wide variety of benefits. We allow those who are living healthier lives to give their testimony as to how well 7 Herb Formula works.
These are truly wonderful and inspiring stories. The truth is out there, living and breathing. Because many of the testimonials we receive contain statements by our customers that imply a health claim, we are required to remove such statements to make them compliant. For more information about our Health Freedom Fight, please visit www.
We are proud of the work we do and would like to share these testimonials to glorify Yahweh, the God of all creation. However, we are only able to share these partial statements because the U. Government has prohibited us from sharing them in their entirety. In doing so, they have denied you the right and freedom to hear them. For this we are very sorry, however, we hope that the remainder of these stories will help you see that 7 Herb Formula has been very important to many.
Box East Main Rd. Through divine revelation and human experience the knowledge of these herbs and many others have been gathered and passed down from generation to generation.
The herbs are harvested from various regions around the world and meticulously prepared. Sheep Sorrel Rich in vitamins, minerals and trace elements, high in life-giving properties. It nourishes the glandular system, and is known to help support healthy skin and mucous membranes such as the lining of the stomach or duodenum.
Its inner bark, which is in 7 Herb Formula, is one of the most powerful cleansers of the intestinal tract. It is also an antioxidant and supports healthy inflammatory response and a healthy immune system.
Watercress The same plant used for salad greens and garnishes, is an excellent cleanser in the body and supports healthy mucous membranes including the stomach lining. Supports healthy kidneys and joints. Eleuthero also produces saponins, steroids found in plants, which have positive effects on cells. Slippery Elm According to herbalist Jethro Kloss, should be used in all stomach troubles because of its ability to strengthen and nourish the stomach.
It nourishes the organs and tissues due to its nutrient content: Slippery Elm also helps to neutralize stomach acid. Turkey Rhubarb Root Helps to purge the body of wastes and toxic matter.
Also called Indian Rhubarb, this herb counteracts acids due to indigestion and acts as a gentle laxative. The malic acid inherent in the herb carries oxygen to all parts of the body. Turkey Rhubarb has powerful immune supporting properties, and may help support a healthy immune response. Burdock Root Used extensively in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine, is a potent blood purifier. Helps support healthy liver and gallbladder function. Burdock contains the nutrients zinc, iron, manganese, and vitamins B1, B6, and B It also provides vitamin E and selenium, which help combat free radicals.
Burdock Root contains natural insulin, which is beneficial for healthy blood sugar. Welcome Daniel Chapter One online store http: Weil over immune-boosting supplements for H1N1 swine flu opinion http: These government agencies are supposed to be protecting public health and well-being, but they accomplish precisely the opposite by actively censoring the truth about natural products and working to keep the public ignorant about the health benefits of nutritional products.
It's all part of the plan to prop up the profits of Big Pharma by eliminating the competition The FDA says, ridiculously, that only pharmaceutical drugs are capable of preventing or treating disease. Even though this is scientifically false, the agency has structured the rules to categorize anything that treats or prevents disease as a drug.
So if you eat walnuts, and those walnuts lower high cholesterol which they do , the FDA declares your walnuts to be "drugs. Amazingly, references to peer-reviewed scientific studies are not allowed to be made by companies without permission from the FDA because the agency considers this to be an illegal health claim. So if you sell walnuts, and your website merely links to published scientific studies that describe the cholesterol-lowering benefits of walnuts, then you can be threatened, arrested, imprisoned and fined millions of dollars by the FDA for selling "unapproved drugs.
FDA dupes Interpol to achieve illegal kidnapping and deportation of herbal formulator Greg Caton http: See our link below for store information. In I was a teenage runaway, trying to escape harsh chemotherapy treatments. It wasn't long before I unwittingly became a media sensation. Thanks to an outpouring of letters and phone calls from compassionate people across the country, I was able to find an alternative way of healing I could embrace.
This is my story. He has been tested recently and the tests show that he is in great health. He takes two to four ounces of Essiac a day to keep his immune system boosted and also does at least two day cycles of X per year for the same reason. He keeps very active with skateboarding, his favorite activity.
He has written a book about his healing journey Essiac tea benefits the entire body. The tea is then boiled once more and then strained. Each herb in the essiac tea recipe has roots in natural folk medicine.
Sheep sorrel and burdock have been used for centuries to treat cancer and other illnesses. Slippery elm bark and turkey rhubarb are known for their healing and detoxifying abilities. Although it has many anti-cancer properties and immune benefits, every situation is different. There are so many factors that can affect the outcome of cancer treatment.
It should not be used as a primary treatment for advanced cancers but should be used in combination with other natural and conventional treatments and makes and excellent addition to any cancer diet. This remedy is best used against early diagnosed cancers that do not have rapid growth and are not spreading aggressively. Rene Caisse used locally grown herbs to prepare her formula and administered it to her patients within 48 hours of preparation. Commercially prepared mixes just cannot offer that same level of freshness and potency.
For maximum potency, it is highly recommended that you make your own tea. At that time, Mary was the only one besides Rene who knew the essiac recipe and had actually prepared it. You can find the word for word transcription of her affidavit here along with more information on the essiac tea recipe.
Take a measuring cup, use 1 ounce of herb mixture to 32 ounces of water depending on the amount you want to make. Boil hard for 10 minutes covered then turn off heat but leave sitting on warm plate over night covered. In the morning heat steaming hot and let settle a few minutes, then strain through fine strainer into hot sterilized bottles and sit to cool.
Store in dark cool cupboard. Must be refrigerated when opened. When near the last when its thick pour in a large jar and sit in frig overnight then pour off all you [can] without sediment. This recipe must be followed exactly as written. I use a granite preserving kettle 10 — 12 qts , 8 ounce measuring cup, small funnel and fine strainer to fill bottles.
This herb is not readily available commercially. This plant is common in Muskoka and harvesting it yourself will ensure you have the right ingredient. This is regarded by most of us as a nuisance — especially the prickly seed cases in the fall, which we call burrs. The root must be harvested in October and it must be from a first year plant there should be no center stock.
The roots look like carrots and can be cut into slices to dry — then pulverized in a blender. This herb is available at any reputable health food store and it must be a light brown powder.
It tastes much like flour. This product may be purchased in health food stores, as a powder, or in root form. The plants are native to China and Tibet. Our native rhubarb may be substituted, but the plant must be at least three years old.
Of the four herbs, Mary is most concerned about the availability of real Sheep Sorrel. A cat weighing eleven pounds is doing well on 2ml daily whereas a large and heavy dog of pounds would need an adult dose of 30ml daily. I think that the best hope for good results is to increase the dose as much as possible. There may have been something different about the sorrel, and she may have been using more parts of the plant than we can get now short of growing it.
As an aside, she did not vary the dose by weight with humans as far as I have ever heard, a pound woman got the same dose as a pound man. An issue with large doses for pets is the amount of Rhubarb they end up taking. Rhubarb is a laxative, and that is probably the main reason it is needed in essiac. In the first 70 years of the 20th century chemotherapy regimens tended to cause constipation, and that is not the case anymore. Dogs have much shorter digestive systems than people, and they are much more susceptible to diarrhea.
So the larger dose of essiac must be balanced against the amount that can be taken without causing diarrhea. One way to decide what the dose for a pet ought to be is to increase the amount until they get diarrhea and then back off. How much essiac should I buy, and should it be pre-made bottled or a dry mix?
You can find small 1 oz. However, larger packages of herbs can be divided into the correct amount to make smaller amounts of tea at one time. I make tea a quart at a time. That way less has to be thrown out.
You can even make a pint at a time. There is disagreement about making such a small amount. With health food store ready-to-use bottled essiac tea, the options are expensive. You might feel the cost is worth it. Flor-essence is an 8 herb formulation.
You can also find essiac in a tonic form. It is more concentrated than the other teas and requires a smaller dose, possibly making it easier to administer to picky animals. Another form of essiac can be found in capsules. The liquid is removed and the powder that is left is put in capsules.
I have seen this, it is interesting and might be much easier to get into some animals. A few people have reported very good results with their pets with the capsules. I know of some people who are taking both the tea and the capsules, among other things.
How long can you keep essiac tea after opening it? The common wisdom and the essiac marketers all say an opened bottle of essiac tea will keep in the refrigerator two weeks or more. I think that essiac tea made from the traditional recipe begins to spoil after about 4 days.
Some of the essiac tea that is sold, although made from the four essiac herbs, is not the traditional recipe, and one reason for that is to allow the tea to keep longer. If the tea is sour it is not the traditional essiac recipe. It may very well keep longer than four days. I think the sour teas have more sorrel, which is very acidic and will discourage mold. I would be uncomfortable about very large doses of tea with these formulations, which have a smaller ratios of burdock and slippery elm to buffer the sorrel.
How long can dry herbs be stored? The way dry herbs are stored dramatically effects how long they will keep. If you store them in plastic containers in light places they will not keep very long. Plastic bags are not a good choice for storing herbs.
If you store them under a vacuum seal for instance using a Foodsaver and Ball jars in glass jars in a dark cool place they can keep a very long time. When you buy any dry herbs, whether they are mixed already or separate, it is a good idea to become familiar with how they smell.