Bakken New Wells Producing Less Confirmed

a foodie's guide to healthy living

My Thoughts on Orange Theory Fitness After One Month
You said above that you take dessicated thyroid. This seems counterintuitive, but most MDs only get one or two semesters of nutrition education and that is influenced by dogma that has since had serious flaws exposed since it was introduced 50 years ago. I thought that at least my LDL would be lowered if nothing else. A regular icosahedron was chosen as the basis for the map familiar to gamers as a " 20 sided die ". I would have liked to have seen more discussion of, and links to reliable information on the pediatric obesity epidemic. In addition, in those studies that employed lightly sweetened food pellets, the amount of effort required to obtain the food option was ten times higher than to obtain cocaine, thereby favoring drug choices. I have packed on a bit more, but it seems to have settled and I feel so much more free rather than freaking out over every bite.

How Orange Theory Works

The Diet-Heart Myth: Cholesterol and Saturated Fat Are Not the Enemy

That means a planet with an average temperature of K is unsuitable for unprotected humans but might be just perfect for some weird alien life form. Since we decided that Ross planet would have the same sunlight intensity as Terra, if it has the same albedo as Terra it will also have the same average temperature as Terra.

Or the same slightly incorrect temperature the equation gives:. This is not just a comfortable range for human beings, but it is also the temperatures best tolerated by Terran agricultural crops and domesticated animals we use for food.

The Sun replaced with other stars. Distance is assumed to be 1 AU in all cases. Image by Halcyon Maps. If something is shining as a blackbody, its temperature determines its color , because not only does the intensity of the radiated electromagnetic energy change with temperature, so do its wavelengths.

The color tends from red toward blue with increasing temperature. They just refer to the wavelength bias. Different elements absorb or emit particular wavelengths of light, and these absorbed wavelengths show up as spectral lines superimposed on the blackbody background. At higher temperatures more atoms are ionized, because one or more of their electrons are knocked off by the increasingly violent collisions with other atoms.

From hottest to coolest, they are: The Sun is a type G2. The effective temperature is the temperature of a perfect blackbody that puts out the same amount of radiation. This not only tells you how much delta V a spacecraft will need to escape from the planet, it also tells you which atmospheric elements will escape into space. The distance to the horizon calculated geometrically here will not be the same as the distance as seen on a planet with an atmosphere.

The pesky atmosphere refracts light so you can see a bit farther, but the actual amount changes with the current temperature gradient. As a rough rule of thumb, you can correct for this by multiplying the value for P radiusM by 1. It is often mentioned that the horizon on Luna is so close that astronauts felt like they were constantly in danger of stepping off a cliff.

Theoretically on a planet with a larger radius that Terra people can see farther and may start to feel like they were tiny ants or otherwise insignificant. Standing on a flat plain or sea, a man of normal height observes the horizon as being about 7 km off, compared to about 8 on Earth—not a terribly striking difference, especially in rugged topography or hazy weather.

I must admit that certain of them scarcely look important. Thus, the horizon distance—for a man standing on a flat plain —is proportional to the square root of the planet's diameter. On Earth it is about five miles, and for globes not very much bigger or smaller, the change will not be striking. Often mountains, woods, haze, or the like will blot it out entirely… Yet even in this apparent triviality, some skillful writer may see a story.

The basic idea is simple. If a molecule is moving faster than the planet's escape velocity, it goes streaking into the inky depths of space. Otherwise it sticks around and helps comprise the planet's atmosphere.

A molecule's speed depends upon two things, the molecule's weight and the molecule's temperature. Molecular weight is easy. You can look it up in Wikipedia or something, all molecules of a given chemical compound have identical masses. Molecular temperature depends upon the the planet's average temperature. To the right is a table of molecular weights of various gasses likely to be atmospheric components.

Temperature is problematic, since my references are a bit vague on whether you should use the temperature at the planet's surface or at the planet's exosphere. We have the equation for the average temperature of the planet's surface, but not for the exosphere. Otherwise the gas will escape in a few million years, much less the few billion years the planet will need to become habitable.

Figure out the Jeans escape velocity V escJean. Any atmospheric gas in the table which the formula calculates a Mol vel higher than V escJean is not going to be in the planet's atmosphere.

There should be a way to rearrange the equation so it yields the maximum molecular weight a planet can hang on to, but I'm getting odd results when I try. Please note this is for a primordial planetary atmosphere. Specifically if the planet has no life more specifically: Oxygen is too darn reactive: The only way a planet can have O 2 in the atmo is if it is continuously renewed, and that means plant life.

Whether an atmosphere is breathable for human beings depends upon percentage of oxygen and the barometric pressure. Having said that, if the percentage of oxygen is too high, everything is constantly catching on fire. Fossil Cretaceous charcoal deposits suggest that Tyrannosaurus Rex spent a lot of time fleeing forest fires and constantly getting a hotfoot.

Paleontologists could not figure out how pteranodon biochemistry could possibly generate enough energy to allow the creatures to fly. This also explains the curious geological layers at the K—T boundary.

This was when the Dinosaur Killer asteroid wiped them out. The geological layers show an iridum layer from the asteroid strike, followed by a world-wide layer of finely divided carbon. That's where the carbon layer came from. Any dinosaur that managed to avoid being barbecued in the continental fire-storms would have starved to death as the following two years of black clouds killed off all the plants.

Atmospheric pressure, on the other hand, depends upon how much gas the planet has managed to hold on to. Which means it could be anything, choose whatever you want. Terra and Venus are about the same size and mass, but the atmospheric pressure on Venus is about 90 times that of Terra.

Click here for an interactive gas retention plot. Despite its lesser dimensions, Cleopatra has quite a terrestroid atmosphere. In fact, the sea level pressures on the two planets are almost identical.

It is thought that this is due to the hot, dense mass of the planet outgassing more than Earth did, early hi their respective histories, and to the fact that, ever since, the strong magnetic field has helped keep too many molecules from getting kicked away into space by solar and cosmic ray particles.

Air pressure drops with altitude more slowly than on Earth, because of the lower gravity. On Earth, at about 5. Not only does that moderate surface conditions, it extends life zones higher, and offers more possibilities to flyers both living and mechanical. One clear-cut, if indirect, influence of tides on weather is through the spin of the planet.

The more rapidly it rotates, the stronger the cyclone-breeding Coriolis forces. In the case of Cleopatra, we have not only this factor, but also the more powerful irradiaton—and, maybe, the greater distance upward from surface to stratosphere, together with the lesser separation of poles and tropics—to generate more violent and changeable weather than is common on Earth.

Insofar as the matter is understood by contemporary geophysicists, we can predict that Cleopatra, having a hotter molten core and a greater rate of rotation, possesses a respectable magnetic field, quite likely stronger than the terrestrial. This will have helped preserve its atmosphere, in spite of the higher temperatures and lower gravity. Solar particles, which might otherwise have kicked gas molecules into space, have generally been warded off.

To be sure, some get through to the uppermost thin layers of air, creating secondary cosmic rays, electrical disturbances, and showy auroras. The ecliptic is the plane that the orbits of the solar system's planet mostly lies in. For purposes of planetary climate, the important point is that the sun's rays that hit a planet travel more or less parallel to the ecliptic. The bottom line is that the axial tilt creates the planet's seasons.

The angle that the sunlight hits the ground affects the concentration of heat. It is hottest when it hits the ground perpendicular to the ground plane. Axial tilt also controls how many hours of daylight and night time there are per day at various parts of the year. During the winter the days are short and the nights are long, the reverse is true in summer.

At the equinoxes equal-night the hours of daylight and night time are equal. Terra has an axial tilt of There having been less tidal friction acting on it through most of its existence, Cleopatra spins faster than Earth: Its year therefore lasts of its own days, give or take a little bit because of trepidation, precession, etc.

However, the climate of high latitudes is not necessarily more extreme on that account. Certainly winters are less cold. It is the difference in the length of seasons—a fourth again as much—which'is most important. Likewise, the seasonal variation of day and night lengths is more marked than on Earth, and the Arctic and Antarctic come nearer to the equator. The stronger sun, which supplies more energy; the longer year, which gives more time to overcome thermal lag; 'the smaller size, which brings zones closer together; the larger axial tilt, which exaggerates the differences between them; the quicker spin, which generates more potent cyclonic forces; the lower pressures but the longer distance up to a stratosphere, which make for more extensive air masses moving at a given time under given conditions — all these create "livelier" weather than on Earth.

Storms are more common and violent, though they tend to be short-lived. Huge thunderstorms in the river valley, twisters on the plains, hurricanes in the tropics, and blizzards near the poles are things which colonists must expect; they have to build stoutly and maintain an alert, meteorological service. But this seeming drawback has its good side. With such variability, both droughts and deluges are rare; chilly fogs don't linger; inversion layers break up before they accumulate unpleasant gases; daytime cloud patterns can be gorgeous to watch, while nights are brilliantly clear more often than not, in most areas of the planet.

The weather is likewise affected by axial tilt. Earth does not ride upright in its orbit; no member of the Solar System does.

From this we get our seasons, with everything that that implies. We cannot tell how often Earthlike worlds elsewhere have radically diiferent orientations. My guess is that this is a rarity and that, if anything, Earth may lean a bit more rakishly than most. Whatever value the writer chooses, let him ponder how it will determine the course of the year, the size and character of climatic zones, the development of life and civilizations.

If Earth did travel upright, thus having no seasons, we would probably never see migratory birds across the sky. One suspects there would be no clear cycle of the birth and death of vegetation either. Then what form would agriculture have taken? All planets have latitude and longitude to measure geographic positions. Latitude measures distance from the planet's equator.

There are special latitudes linked to planetary temperatures, and other special latitudes linked to planetary winds and precipitation. These are important because those are the two factors that determine a region's climate and biome. Terra's arctic zone extends from latitude The antarctic zone is from latitude The planet's tropics are at a latitude equal to the axial tilt, north and south. Terra's tropic zone extend from These named latitudes help figure out the average temperature of various regions of the planet.

Naturally the arctic and antarctic zone are where it is colder than average, and if the planet has any ice caps they will be here. This is also the area where you'll find the " land of the midnight sun " and " polar night ". And of course the tropic zone is where the planet tends to be warmer than average. The temperate zone tends to be right at the average. The trouble is that while we have an equation for the average planetary temperature , we do not have one for colder than average and hotter than average.

Until I find something better, the best thing I can think of is to look at Terra. Temperatures on Terra vary from This means the temperatures are plus or minus 40 degrees from the average. Though the amount of axial tilt is probably a factor. The precise latitude of, say, the Tropic of Cancer varies from planet to planet, depending upon the axial tilt.

It controls the temperature of the region. In a later section you will learn about the temperature latitudes like the Doldrums and the Horse Latitudes. These are always at the same latitude from planet to planet e. The greater the tilt, the more seasonal variation in temperature the planet will experience. The planet would be all temperate zone, with no tropic zones nor arctic zones. The antarctic would the same as the arctic except in the south.

Things like planetary climates and continental erosion depend upon yearly differences in regional temperature, the zero tilt planet has no yearly differences in temperature. It does have temperature difference between regions, the poles are going to get incredibly cold and the equator is going to fry. The arctic and tropic zone overlap, and the "temperate zone" is the overlap region. Both the arctic and tropic zone cover the entire globe.

There are times in the year when half of the entire planet has eternal daylight and the other have has eternal night. The glaciers form on the equator instead of the poles. Seasonal temperatures will be so extreme that human beings would probably have to do mass migration during the year to stay in the part of the planet that had survivable temperatures.

Keep in mind that a lot of the temperate zone rely upon melting snow for much of its water. If the axial tilt is too small, there will be less seasonal variation in temperature, leading to less snow melting in summer, leading to widespread deserts in the temperate zone. On the other hand, too much axial tilt means more seasonal temperature variation, leading to less snow fall, also leading to widespread deserts in the temperate zone.

In addition to controlling the seasons, axial tilt also changes the distribution of surface heat on your planet. The larger the tilt, the more the heat is evenly spread. For predicting the average temperature, I am toying with calculating insolation as a function of date and latitude. The link gives access to a spreadsheet for this, it is based on these equations. They give the energy density of sunlight at the top of the atmosphere given a latitude and a date, and the planet's inclination.

So the average temperature will appear as a series of horizontal bands by lattitude. Unlike Temperature Latitudes, the Wind Latitudes are fixed. They are the same for all planets. However, they are not straight lines, they wiggle like a snake with diarrhea from hour to hour. This means over the year their boundaries are fuzzy and broad, but centered on their "official" latitude.

Annual precipitation is partially controlled by the wind latitudes. It is also controlled by oceans, mountains, and other geographical features. Precipitation is important because it is one of the two factors that determine a region's climate. In practice, the different spectral distribution and the atmosphere and hydrosphere, modify things considerably. Cleopatra is warmer, and lacks polar icecaps. But thenj this was true of Earth throughout most of its existence.

Even at the equator, some regions are balmy rather than hot, while the latitudes comfortable to man reach further north and south than on present-day Earth, People simply avoid the furnace-like deserts found here and there.

They also take precautions against the higher level of ultraviolet light, especially in the tropics. Again, this poses no severe problem. One can safely sunbathe in the temperate zones, and do so well into the polar regions in summer. Usually there is no undue glare of light; the more extensive atmosphere vide infra helps in scattering and softening illumination.

Winter nights are usually ornamented by fantastically bright and beautiful auroras, down to lower latitudes than is the case on Earth—in spite of Qeopatra's strong magnetic field. To be sure, solar-atmospheric interference with radio and the like can get pretty bad, especially at a peak of the sunspot cycle for Caesar, about 14 Earth-years long, as opposed to Sol's But once installed, laser transceivers aren't bothered.

Continents are ruled by plate tectonics and continental drift. For terrestrial planets, they are more likely to have plate tectonics if they are more massive than Terra. Terra may be a borderline case, owing its tectonic activity to abundant water since silica and water form a deep eutectic.

Having said that, some researchers claim to have detected plate tectonic activity on Mars, Europa, and Titan. The jury is still out on the question of super-earths , though. The basic idea is that the surface of a planet the lithosphere is composed of a series of huge rigid "plates" that are floating on the more fluid asthenosphere. The oceans cover the plates, and the continents are just the bits of the plate that are higher than sea level.

The plates slide around on the asthenosphere, scraping and colliding with other plates. This form volcanoes, mountains, mid-ocean ridges, and oceanic trenches. It is also the cause of continental drift. Plates are covered with two types of topping: The edges of a given plate covered in oceanic crust are the oceanic edges, the other edges are continental edges. There are three kinds of plate boundaries:. The type of plate boundary can evolve over time. Consider two plates Alfa and Bravo.

Both are continental in the center but oceanic on the rim. Say they start to collide and become convergent boundaries. Earth Primer for iOS 7. It is a great primer, and fun as well. It is software for the interactive visualization of plate-tectonics. Turning back to the globe itself: Its greater mean density than Earth's is due to a higher percentage of heavy elements, especially those later hi the periodic table than iron.

This leads to a particularly hot core which, combined with the rapid rotation, is the source of the magnetic field screening the atmosphere from solar wind. Of course, the field is far weaker than in any generator—roughly twice as strong as Earth's—but it reaches way out.

Having not only more interior heat but a smaller volume, Cleopatra radiates more strongly. This means that it is geologically, or planetologically, more active. There are more hot springs, geysers, volcanoes, quakes, and tsunamis, especially along the leading edges of continents and in midocean vide infra.

There is faster mountain-building, aided by the lower gravity which permits higher upheavals and steeper slopes. The same is true of sand dunes. Erosion proceeds more rapidly too; hence spectacularly sculptured uplands are quite common.

With the crustal plates more mobile than on Earth, we get an overall situation—there are many local exceptions, of course—about as follows. No continent is as big as Eurasia; the largest is comparable to North America. Their shelves drop sharply off to more profound depths than Terrestrial. They define—in the same rough way as on Earth—four major oceans, each surrounded by its "ring of fire" and marked down the middle by archipelagos of which numerous islands are volcanic.

Elsewhere are smaller, shallower seas. Along with the tide patterns vide infra , these factors tend to inhibit the generation of great ocean currents, and thus to somewhat isolate the latitudes from each other. That isn't all bad if "Norway" has no "Gulf Stream" to warm it, neither does the "Pacific Northwest" have a "Kuroshio" to chill it, and marine life is even more varied than on Earth.

The proportion of land to water surface is slightly higher than Terrestrial, mainly because of the powerful upthrust of crustal masses—though doubtless the splitting of H 2 O molecules by ultraviolet quanta, before there was a protective ozone layer, also has a good deal to do with this. However, there is no water shortage; in fact, the smaller size of individual land blocks and the vigorous air circulation make for better distribution of this substance and keep continental interiors reasonably temperate.

The abundance of heavy metals is a boon to industry, yet not altogether a blessing. Some of these elements and their compounds are poisonous to man. Concentrated hi certain areas, they make the soil, or organisms living there, dangerous. But again, this is by no means the universal case, and precautions are not hard to take once people have been warned. Several beautiful minerals and gemstones appear to be unique to this planet. I drew this because I like the shape. However, this probably means that that peninsula is mountainous since almost all such peninsulas from our base planet are mountainous.

This will help me place my mountains in the next step. Mountain ranges A and D are formed by the collision of continents A and D. Range B results from continent A and B splitting as well as from subduction. When a rift occurs, one plate usually goes off in one direct and the other continues its path. Mountain range C is pure subduction while mountain range E is a mixture of separation and collision.

The split of continent E and D formed the north-south part, and the east-west part is from a plate that separated from E and then returned again. Range BE is subduction created. What I really did was put down the mountains where I thought they looked good, where they pleased my eye after looking at atlases for a long time.

I came up with how they were formed after I already put them on the map. This is the great freedom of trusting your eye when placing mountains. This follows along with how they fit in the pangea stage. This means that mountain range A formed both by rifting as well as subduction.

This is where the ridge is subducted under the continental shelf of E which extends under the water. With this in mind, placing islands on the map is fairly simple. The large peninsula on B gains an archipelago islands A , and islands form over the subduction zone offshore of E islands B. More islands form along the slip plate islands C. This gives you rough guidelines when you actually place your islands in creation. Namely, this lets me know where to put larger islands and why they are there.

Ever since Galileo's first telescopic glimpse of the moon. Because earth's mountains are steep until weathering erodes them, it was assumed that mountains on the moon would be like the steep-sided peaks shown here. Continued observation and refined techniques of measurement now indicate that while the moon does indeed have enormous mountains, very few of them are steep-sided, as was once believed.

Instead these lunar mountains tend to slope gradually, as shown here. Precipitous slopes have been eroded by meteorites. For a given region, its climate and biome type can be predicted by the region's average temperature and annual precipitation. Average temperature is controlled by the temperature latitudes: These vary from planet to planet since their precise latitudes depend upon the planet's axial tilt. Annual precipitation is partially controlled by the wind latitudes: Their precise average latitudes are fixed and are the same on all planets.

However, they are not straight lines, they writhe like a worm on brown acid from hour to hour. Annual precipitation is also controlled by oceans, mountains, and other geographical features. Given a region's mean annual temperature and the mean annual precipitation the climate and biome can be predicted by using the Whittaker Biome Diagram, Köppen climate classification, or with Holdridge life zones.

This is from R. Whittaker's Communities and Ecosystems The diagram has a few variations. You can scale these to fit the temperature and precipitation ranges on your planet. For instance, if your planet's precipitation ranges from 0 to cm annual, divide each region's precip by 1.

Köppen climate classification is a bit more complicated, but it is favored by real-world scientists. Each climate is assigned a code of one to three letters. The first letter is the Climate Type. The second letter is Precipitation Pattern. The third letter is Temperature. The climates given in italics are those which, generally speaking, are subject to the same influences throughout the year.

The other climates may be regarded as transitions between these; for example, the Mediterranean climate is a combination of hot desert in the summer and maritime west coast in the winter. In an article called "Questworld" Different Worlds magazine of adventure role-playing games December they make a simplified Köppen system. Holdridge life zones are a bit new, but interesting.

The system has been shown to fit tropical vegetation zones, Mediterranean zones, and boreal zones, but is less applicable to cold oceanic or cold arid climates where moisture becomes the determining factor. The movement of water on a planet is fairly complex, but it can be easily simplified for mapping purposes. When the moisture level of the air becomes greater than it can hold usually because a temperature change rain falls back on the surface of the planet.

The movement of air carries this water vapor off the oceans and onto the land most of the rain on a planet comes from oceanic evaporation and into the life on the land. Water is generally subject to the air currents and their subsequent rain patterns, but it also influences them. The oceans heat and cool slower and to a lesser degree than land. This difference is very important. Water can store about five times the heat energy that land can store, which means water can absorb about five times more energy without its temperature increasing.

Water is also mobile allowing convection to distribute uneven heating easier than land and the unlimited amount of moisture in water means it can evaporate and hence cool unlimitedly when compared to land. All of this means that because water retains more heat, it cools slower during winter than land; conversely it takes longer to heat up once summer arrives again.

The hottest and coldest places on a planet will be on the interior of continents, far away from the influence of the oceans. The oceans act as a great heat sink; absorbing heat in summer and releasing it in winter. You should look at the amount of water in the northern and southern hemispheres of your new planet. The hemisphere with the most water will have less variance in annual temperature ranges for each latitude.

This causes the more extreme temperatures typical of the Northern Hemisphere. Land has just as great an impact upon weather and climate as water. Unlike water, land quickly gains and loses heat. This leads to generally more erratic winds over landmasses than over oceans as the land cools quickly and in different proportions depending on its vegetative cover the more plants, the slower it gains and loses heat; the fewer plants the quicker the process.

Another important difference in weather over the land and over water is humidity. More evaporation occurs over water, so most humid air the air that brings rain comes from evaporation over oceans or other large bodies of water, like the Great Lakes. Most of the rain falling on the continents comes from evaporation off the oceans. Thus, if a continent is large, the centers will be very dry because most of the moisture has already dropped out of the wind. Central Asia Gobi Desert is a good example of this.

Mountains are physical barriers to wind and the cause massive disturbances in weather patterns, particularly rainfall. Air rises as it goes up a mountain, cooling it.

This cooling reduces the amount of moisture the air can hold and often results in rain. This means, that in general, a mountain range will have a wet and a dry side. If the range is a large one and winds are fairly consistent in their direction, the mountain can create a rain shadow, effectively creating a desert.

This can even happen on a smaller scale, like the island of Hawaii, where the eastern side receives the trade winds and an annual rainfall of inches while the other side of the island only receives 9 inches of rain a year. A few or a pair in the case of Hawaii mountains can dramatically change weather. Mapping all of the complexities of weather is something simply beyond the need of most new worlds.

The general principles discussed above should provide you with enough raw information to look at your maps and make some decisions. First, you should basically mimic the air patterns as influenced by the Coriolis effect. This provides a baseline that is agreeable to every other assumption about the working of weather.

Adopting the basic ocean currents to the new world is the next step. Our goal is to make a map that takes into account the natural functions of the universe. We can use magic to do it, but pre-planning avoids a lot of post-creation headaches. Mountains will affect the degree of rain, so be certain to indicate rain shadows based upon wind movement.

I drew in the wind patterns based upon the Coriolis effect. After the air, I mapped the water currents, showing the typical gyre patterns. I then mapped in the wet and dry latitudinal zones, again based upon the Coriolis effect. The same is true of ocean currents. They almost all follow the gyres according to their hemisphere clockwise in the north, counterclockwise in the south , but there are some exceptions.

I have a few currents that split and head in differing directions, but even these currents eventually follow the overall pattern. For example, the current off the east coast of continent B splits and flows up the coastline while the other part gyres up to continent C.

The coastal flow up continent B eventually gyres back and rejoins at continent C. A good example of split currents is the Atlantic Equatorial Current. It travels from Africa to South American and splits. One flow goes south along the east coast of South America, and the other flows along the northern coast of South America.

The southern split maintains the traditional counterclockwise gyre, but the northern current crosses the equator and eventually gyres clockwise as part of the Florida Current and the Gulf Stream. Generally, cold currents are moving from high latitudes to low latitudes, while warm currents are moving from low latitudes to high latitudes. On my world, a strong cold current flows from the south to the north along the west coast of continent E while a warm current moves north along the east coast of continent B.

Climate is where rain and temperature mix, therefore latitude, altitude, and wind pattern all shape climates. An idealized world has the pattern shown in the List of Climate zones. Place each type of climate on your map in roughly the same manner.

Again, pay attention to where the wind blows and where the mountains are. The Tibetan plateau is a good example of an elevated area changing the expected climate.

More than elevated areas, ocean currents play an important role in determining climate. Warm currents heat the air around them, making Europe very habitable for example, while cold currents can temper a warm climate. Cold currents sometimes reduce rainfall along coastlines because they cool the air above them, restricting the amount of water the air can carry.

Remember that water flows downhill and wet areas have more water than dry areas. Overall, this step is the most complex of all the mapping steps. But even this very basic climate map of the world will help when discussing cultural development. Following the general wind patterns, I first placed equatorial areas with heavy rain. These areas are probably rainforests because they have a lot of rain and plenty of sun.

The next step is to place the transitional areas that are more wet than dry. These were placed north and south of the very wet areas. Most are probably deciduous forests mixed with the remnants of rainforests, grasslands mixed with deciduous forests, and the beginning of the dryer lands. They could be simply grassland as well.

Notice that these two zones are mostly within the tropic bands. Their placement also reflects what the wind is doing. On continent A, this zone loops around because the wind is coming from a particular direction while on continent D, the zone remains more horizontal for generally the same reason. You could change these zones based upon what you wish to happen. The next step moves into dryer lands by placing the transitional dry zone. Such zones are plentiful throughout the dry latitudinal zone and often abut a dessert zone.

I placed my deserts along these areas and paid particular attention to wind direction. The desert on continent A is in a dry zone, but it also has a range of mountains that interfere with rain, so it stretches farther north into the wetter latitudinal zones.

A similar thing happens with the desert on continent D. The ocean air is relatively dry in this zone, but what little moisture it holds drops along this curve.

All things considered, the desert on A is probably fairly wet for a desert until you go in deeper. The great desert on E was the hardest to place because there are many factors to weigh. It is a mixture of dry zone, wind patterns, mountain range and large landmass. For these reasons, I decided that this was the Sahara of my world: I then placed the dry transitional zones between the deserts and the wet transitional zone.

The protein in cultivated cereal grains allowed us to implement staple foods that kept societies fed, but unlike vegetables, and to a lesser degree fruits, grains are packed with a shitload of carbs. When a field worker woke up, they ate a ton of grains.

They did this because they could go out and work all day without needing to replenish their fuel, aka food. Their bodies would choose to burn those carbs first, then tap into the fat, and eventually protein. As a result, all of the fat that was consumed with the extra carbs gets stored away as reserve fuel.

Our bodies need carbs. They are integral to our health. Your body will seek out the glucose from carb intake and refinement first to use for energy. Whatever carbs are not used for fuel will be converted to glycogen. When you have produced enough glycogen—about 2, calories or grams—the rest will be converted to fat. As you can see, your body goes through a bit of a process to refine carbs. Some of you may disagree with me, but… grains are bullshit. Our bodies just run a lot better on other things.

Fossil records indicate a massive increase in tooth decay around the time of the Neolithic Revolution, this is because grains contain high amounts of phytic acid. Phytic acid contributes to mineral deficiencies, which in turn contributes to host of other issues including, but not limited to, tooth decay, rickets, and osteoporosis.

Obviously our bodies can digest grains for energy, they are just not very efficient at doing so. In addition, each serving contains a large amount of carbs, and one serving is not that big; most people eat quite a few in one sitting. When you finally feel full, your body experiences massive insulin spikes—refined grains do this too—clearing the sugar from your bloodstream, leaving you hungry and craving more sugar.

This roller coaster really screws up your insulin system after a while, messing with your pancreas, and leading to diabetes. As a bonus, un-burned sugar gets stored as fat around your organs too; awesome. What does that leave for carb intake? Fruits, vegetables, and nuts. Also, your very desire and conscious effort to improve your diet, evokes a huge placebo effect, which alone can have huge impacts in your health.

What you believe is huge, and is the very route to why you are resisting the latest scientifically proven evidence based conclusions. The low fat opinions formed a hypotheses that was put to the test over many years.

We now have actual, factual, scientific evidence based conclusions; that are directly opposed to the original hypotheses. I have only touched upon the subject. Open your mind and look at the studies upon studies that are now available. Today we must only look at the facts. Also, too low cholesterol raises the risk for Cancer! This is based on scientific evidence. We need everything in proper balance and moderation. But what makes the bad cholesterol so bad? Does it have an assistant? My daughter lost over lbs on the low carb paleo diet.

I, on the other hand, HATE the paleo diet with a passion. I lost about 80 lbs by just cutting calories and fat but kept the grains and a wide variety of food. I think the amazing thing about the human body is that it can handle different options and formulas for dieting. There is no ultimate one correct way of eating. Western nutritional science stand on the assumption that every bodies metabolize food the exact same way.

Nothing can be further from the truth. Ancient traditions such as Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine pointed out that there are variety of body types which respond to food differently. You and your daughter have different type of body and metabolizes food different ways. Polar opposite, and have opposite food compatibility. My cholesterol went down and is now normal when I stopped eating grains and started having more butter. Three Cheers For Butter!!!

Foods like butter and eggs increased my cholesterol levels which is why I gave up butter years ago. I rarely eat eggs. This is really messing with my head cause there are so many sites that claim cholesterol and saturated fat are not bad but when you search it up on google it says it very unhealthy and you have a max of mg a day.

Even in school i was taught that it was unhealthy. If you want to gain muscle you want a diet rich in eggs and meats, even dairy if you are tolerant. Carbs make you gain fat. Your body is perfectly capable of converting fat and protein into sugar, and carbohydrates are not essential to the diet, studies show this. Unless you happen to be a Bunsen burner, this specific method does not qualify to tell you anything except how much heat you can produce lighting things on fire. Also, moving slow produces more strength, so do those mostly.

The muscle size will come after but is irrelevant in the long run because even tiny people can be very strong. Strong muscles means strong bones. Stuffing yourself will cause lethargy, so avoid that. It is a great idea to drink a tablespoon of raw apple cider vinegar diluted in a glass of water before the meal because it pumps your body up for intense protein and fat digestion by the way, you NEED fat to digest protein, and you NEED cholesterol to digest fat to digest protein; see how that works?

Eating foods rich in probiotics, such as live culture yogurt, cheese, and fermented vegetables, enhances your digestion and improves absorption of nutrients.

You also want to reach for the nutrient-dense foods like pasture-raised organ meats heart, liver, kidneys, brains, spleen, pancreas — yes they are all edible and filled with nutrients to build a great physique , free-range eggs but poor source of B12, excellent in every other aspect , and whole fat, raw dairy pasteurized alters the chemical composition and is completely unnecessary.

Avoid grains and legumes because they prevent nutrient absorption and cause autoimmune diseases, brain deterioration, fatty liver, joint diseases arthritis, degeneration , pancreatic stress and disease, kidney disease, et cetera, ad nosium. Leafy greens and non-starchy veggies are a great boost as they slow digestion and allow your body to absorb more nutrients.

Certain vegetables like beets and deep greens also cleanse your cardiovascular and urinary tract systems. Minimize fruit to mostly antioxidant-rich ones and not too much. Too much fruit in the diet has negative consequences.

Nuts are a great source of good fats and other nutrients, but as they are seeds, do not eat too many because they also harm your absorption of other nutrients like iron, zinc, and magnesium — all of which you should be getting from red meats because those are the bioavailable forms.

Yes, I took advanced classes on both nutrition and fitness and am holding great grades for my doctorate. Onward to your Google search attempt: The sites claiming danger of saturated fats and cholesterol are fueled by vegetarian propaganda which has no scientific evidence to support it, but there is plenty of science to prove that their entire platform is hazardous to health. Weston Andrew Price went to Africa and studied many tribes. Those who consumed a meat-based diet had perfect health, perfect teeth, perfect vision, while those on a grain-based or vegetarian diet had vision problems, tooth decay, osteoporosis, jaw deformities, atherosclerosis, obesity, and other diseases the meat-eaters did not have.

Many who manage and sway their agendas with Google search will try to keep their sites up top to fool people into thinking people like Chris are full of it, but like I said, Chris has real scientific clinical trial studies which prove his words as fact and not just mere opinion.

This science can be found on PubMed, which is hosted by the governmental authority the National Institutes of Health. This same authority which has demonized fat, cholesterol, and meat, also has all the proof that those claims are wrong. See how dumb that is? Inflammation is a response from the body telling the repair system that it needs help, and cholesterol is the repair guy.

The fact that cholesterol is at the site of the arterial plaque means absolutely nothing; it would be the same as blaming the band-aid for the scratches being under it or blaming the ambulance for the accident. Saturated fats also lower triglycerides, which is what you should really be looking out for, not cholesterol. Your cells are made of fat and cholesterol, and lowering either in the diet is like replacing the bricks you are building a house with with jell-o blocks.

Saturated fats make strong, resilient cells because the hydrogen bonds are saturated, or full, and thus it is solid but flexible enough to not cause problems.

Polyunsaturates cause DNA and cell damage, leading to a possibility of cancer and other diseases. You will not find any of these fats isolated in nature. Poly- and monounsaturated fatty acids need saturated in order to be stable, and some solid fats actually contain more unsaturated fats than saturated in comparison to some plant oils, believe it or not. Great books to read on REAL science: And this website is perfect as long as you listen to Chris and read the scientific studies he links throughout his articles.

I know it can be confusing. It was confusing for me until I started my journey to become a nutritionist and expert on health, human physiology, and alternative medicine. Even peer-review means nothing if they are observational or hypothesis, or if the study uses questionable means.

It is just difficult for those not in the scientific field to understand it all, and people like Chris and myself are trying to be here to translate it into an easy concept.

Im one of the strongest guys in my guy and have never touched meat, eggs, fish or dairy in the 5 years of lifting. Have never consumed more than g of plant protein a day as a normal level obviously the odd day here and there I might go above it by 20 or 30 just like on some days I might only get 70 or 80g of veg based protein. Gee I guess I need to add meat to my diet or I will just keep being a scrawny weak man.

I would assume with a diet like you eat your cholosterol is in the neighborhood of ? Jim Fixx would attest to that. If it works for you body great, hope you stay healthy. Read this from Kaiser Permanente: Wish this were true. I just completed a year of a plant based diet. Olive oil, flax seeds, walnuts, pumpkin seeds, steel cut oats, kale, etc and guess what? NONE of my cholesterol numbers changed. How can that be? I thought that at least my LDL would be lowered if nothing else.

Soledad, that is because your levels are suppose to be where they are.. High, or low your body is regulating them just fine in most cases, the numbers are just averages not cut in stone. The math equation to estimate your LDL is missing two variables so that makes a un workable equation yet they still try to estimate your LDL.

I was borderline very high chol and within 90 days of going plant based my chol plummeted in to the low range where it has stayed for the 6 years plus eating plant based.

Even eating a higher fruit and carb diet my hemo A1C seems to get lower each year and its already on the low end of the proper range , fasting glucose great, bp great etc. Im just a normal guy was very fat them and my dropped like a rock. So did my friends when he was diagnosed with hypertension, high chol an type 2 all in the same Dr appoint. I told him how to eat and told him a book to buy by Neal Barnard for his type 2 and within 3 months his high chol and high bp were normal an he was off all but a low dose oral for his type 2.

Three months later for his followup his Dr told him he could quit the oral and just watch his sugar levels on his glucose machine and he has not taken any meds for it since. He did it all with a radical shift from a meat based diet to a plant based diet. You just need to shift what you eat. Im a normal guy, my friend is a normal avg guy and we both had the same rapid results.

We are not special examples. All this article was about that high cholesterol is not bad for health, that cholesterol is vitally important for our bodies. So why do you even want your levels to get changed lowered i guess? The same thing happened to me. Eliminate the oil and nuts and your numbers will drastically reduce. Plant based diet must be oil free. Eat good fats, butter, grasped meats, etc.

Price is an amazing Dr. I am feeling good. Several friends are off statins. Another person I know who was borderline diabetic is no longer at risk. I just read an article from Ketogains website http: He claims that his lipid profile will improve dramatically and he actually documents it. My point is that there are people on this thread saying that their cholesterol levels are thru the roof on a ketogenic diet.

So, are these people metabolic anomalies or does eating saturated fats actually raise your serum cholesterol levels in the long run. I would just like to get to the bottom of this. It does mine, and my cholesterol is always high!!

I look at the particle sizes of my blood, not the s. Cholesterol went up a little. Its just Never worried me that my C is high, its genetic and believe me, my genetics have much bigger issues with MTHFR than to worry about this. However that does affect my cholesterol s.

What I am learning is that everyone processes cholesterol differently so you have to find what works for you.

High saturated fat diet for one person may not raise cholesterol while for others it will. I do appreciate all the comments, ideas and suggestions. Cholestorol and saturated fat from animal products can NOT be good for you. As we make cholestorol ourselfes it would be weird to get it from other sources other than yourself. I butchered a lard type hog in early December.

There was 45 pounds of lard on a pound hog. The meat is very fat and both tender and delicious. I eat nearly every bite of the fat. We had our annual health fair in late January and I got my blood work results today. My cholesterol ran and the prior two years. Why do you say that. The tremendous influx in heart disease, diabetes and obesity in this country is in the past 30 years, which just happens to coincide with the latest food pyramid by out govt.

Our body was made to eat meat, look no further than the design of teeth in your mouth. Trans-fats I think all would agree are bad and should be avoided. But if ketones are one of the sources of energy our body recognizes why would you imply getting to that point is negative? So maybe you can bite through the skin of a cow or goat, or at least you can bite a piece of raw muscle off their body? Simply because we never been designed to be carnivores and eat meat based diet.

Yes, we can chew and digest pre-processed! Our sharp teeth, though, are perfect to cut through the skin of fruits and vegetables, and our molars are perfect to chew vegetable nutritious pulp.

Our long intestines are very good to efficiently digest vegetable-fruit stuff. Our stomaches have ph of 2. And no, nobody ever say we are herbivores like cows and rabbits. We are mostly fruitovores ànd situatious omnivores. Not even genuine omnivores like bears look at their teeth.

They have no amilase in their saliva, because they are not intended to eat any carbs whatsover. Some people many thousands of years ago migrated from Africa to far north areas where no nutritious plants can grow.

Over these years they adaptated the diet from purely meats, fats and some dairy. But vast majority of people left on the warm lands with wealthy of nutritious plants and conditions for agriculture. So if you are not escimos or someone like that, meat based diet with very low carbs is not how long generations of your ancestors did eat.

Have some common sense, until industrial revolution it was absolutely impossible to grow massive numbers of livestock, because agriculturing was so hard. Animals did pasture in all warm months and people slaughtered them before winter, when they did gain weight.

Most of people peasants did eat lots of meat just once a year. And if we did eat meat every day from hunting i. The design of our teeth are like a herbivore! Just search online and you will see a chart with teeth of a carnivore and a herbivore and you will see for yourself! Check this chart out! It is way more complicated. Plant based for your body! Plant based for the animals! Plant based for the planet!

Plant based for the win! Rob, plant based for the win? Plant based for malnutrition, Plant based for the gullible, Plant based propaganda! More micro nutrients in plant foods and also fiber which meat and dairy have zero of! I know many of them personally and no drugs, no smoking and no alcohol! After 1 year in keto working diligently eating carbs Day, exercising daily, feeling better than ever, I was shocked and terribly discouraged to get my blood work back at my annual exam to see my ldl had gone from to and total cholesterol up to from While my total cholesterol went up, my trigliceride level went down and my HDL went up.

One does not have to pay the price with their income or loss of health though by using these drugs to achieve this benefit.

It can be done with diet for just about everyone. It is important to note what lab values ARE associated with risk for heart disease. Generally the HDL ratio should be above 25 and preferably in the 30s. If it is in the 40s, that nearly guarantees immunity from heart disease. Whereas if it is below 15, and certainly below 10, a heart attack is inevitable. It is just a matter of when, not if, it will happen. The triglyceride ratio should be below 2. Best is high ldl, medium hdl and looow triglycerides.

Cholesterol is produced by the liver and we need it badly to maintain health. High triglyceride and homocystein levels are responsible for cvd. Plus simple carb intake. Minimize plant by products including oils, maximize animal by products. Careful with what you write.

The body runs of glucose. Go plant based high carb, low protein, low fat in an 80 — 10 — 10 ratio approx You will not have an issue with chol. The human body runs best on ketones, especially the brain. Low carb, low protein, high good fats is best but, again, each person has to find that right ratio for themselves.

I might suggest Dr. Cancer cells are adaptogenic, they can mutate and adapt to changes. Ketogenic diet to cure cancer have been tried and tried and tried for decades without any success. Atkins is the father of ketogenic diet in the 90s have Cancer clinic, he was going to cure cancer with ketogenic diet without any success. By the late 90s he closed his practice. People with Sympathetic dominant body work best with high carb and low fat diet, they utilize glucose better than ketone.

Think about South American Indians, they lived of fruits and vegetables Carbs all their lives. Whereas people Parasympathetic dominant body is the exact opposite, their body work best with high fat low carb diet, they utilize ketone better than glucose.

Think about the Eskimoes, they lived of Ketone body all their lives. Check out the new research. The body needs dietary fat for survival. I have never been overweight but my blood cholesterol levels reached LDL and overall. A slim sibling has similar numbers. A statin made me ill and lowered my HDL, so we stopped it after six months. Now my cholesterol has maintained for 3 years at LDL and overall.

The people who care most about such advisories are those with high cholesterol levels, and they are likely also the people to whom this new advice least applies.

Being insulting does not take the discussion forward. Masses of research have been disproved in the past by new thinking. Often a piece of research that tells scientists what they were hoping for drives a certain interpretation that starts a trend and suddenly large groups of researchers find theyre coming up with similar results.

The fact of the matter is regardless of cholesterol intake or levels, the overwhelming majority of studies demonstrate a correlation between animal products which are the sources of dietary cholesterol and coronary disease.

The distinction of where the source of he problem within the animal products comes from. This article seems to miss the elephant in the room, so to speak. Enough with the BS already.

We seem to be going around in circles. Opinions aside, is there any conclusive evidence supporting the lipid hypothesis or not. As for me personally, the lipid hypothesis is valid.

BY keeping saturated fats to a minimum and consuming as little cholesterol as possible my cholesterol levels are as close to ideal as they can get. This means plant-based, high-fibre. Nothing else works … for me. I am so confused from all the conflicting information that I have read, that I am doing my own research for my body.

I started eating whole food plant based January 28th and I will have labs done in May. That is terrible considering all the positive effects testosterone has on your health.

Did you know that not just testosterone but every hormone in your body is derived from cholesterol? I guarentee you that every vegetarian is lacking in some micronutrient. I mean sure you can get by without it because the human body is really resilient but if were talking optimal fuel for your body then its the only way to go.

Also just as important is your source of animal product. Look up the ill effects of phytic acid in wheat and beans on your gut flora and you will be amazed what you find. Also a diet high in fermented foods is very important. I hope that i can change your mind from being vegetarian because it is bad for your health.

Vegan for 13 years, have had blood work done and all is good, not lacking in any nutrients and when doctor looked at blood test results she said I have the cholesterol of a healthy 12 year old! This is easy to verify online. Any advice to a person slowly becoming vegan? Foods for testoserone and omegas? As well as for cholestrol?

It is not healthy to be a vegan. In the end they do not live longer than meat eaters. Humans have been eating meat since the beginning of time. God said to eat meat. All test are subjective.

I ate 20 eggs with yolks a week for years and my doctor said I have the lowest cholesterol levels he has seen, so what. Sorry Chris, but you are totally wrong. Of the oldest and healthiest people around, vegans are certainly amongst them. Check out vegan bodybuilding and fitness! There is a lot of crap including rape in that fictional book called The Bible! After years of health issues I discovered I had almost no iron or vitamin D in my body.

I switched to pastured meats, lots of saturated fats coconut oil, lard, etc , and fruits and veggies. My triglycerides, cholesterol, iron and other nutrients are now at normal to optimal levels without supplementation.

Every diet should reflect that. Judging people by what they eat is not helping. It is, in fact, hurting people. Do you not go in the sun at all? This is a huge issue because people plaster themselves with sunscreen! Get a few minutes of sunshine on your skin every day and if you live further north than Boston, take a vitamin D supplement in the winter time! Never in the history of humans has there ever been a true Vegan society. It is a new age phenomena.

This is a proven fact over years! The fruit sugars can also be just as bad if over done. Look up your diet by blood type as well, good info. Its correct that your hormones and brain need cholesterol and giving a statin will NOT make you healthier or lower your HA risk. Mercola can spell that out for ya all. You can become diabetic however with statins…muscle cramps etc. Grains are deadly, todays wheat is deadly! Grains turn to sugar Read Grain Brain or the other books out on grains and their undesirable health effects if eaten, especially too much.

I get plenty of B12 which is a bacteria not an actual vitamin though and Arbonne fizz stick in my water each day. Also fortified plant based milks have B Meat and dairy have zero fibre and that is a huge health issue! Eating foods like kale, spinach, beets, quinoa, beans, hemp seeds etc give me all the nutrients I need.

As for genetics, both my parents took medication for high cholesterol and my mother ate meat and was always anemic. She died of multiple myeloma at age 71 and my dad still alive at 91 and has had a heart attack, stents, and takes heart medication for his heart, high blood pressure and high cholesterol!!

And he was taking cholesterol lowering medication at my age!! I guess I suck because I dont have testosterone in my body. My suggestion to all of the peeps in this conversation, get your Spectracell Test done. GREAT test, The nutraval test is another one lots of peeps do, to give you a good look at what you are deficient in. The VAP cholesterol test is the best as it gives you the total break down in particle size..

All we can do is to report how exogenous cholesterol affects our own bodies. In mine, I have spent the last half year eating a low fat diet. No cheese, no eggs along with daily steel-cut oatmeal, chicken, fish and avocados.

Previously, I ate lots of cheese, eggs and hamburger. You should start eating more saturated fat thats good your getting your omega 3s from fish and monos from avocado but you need to incorporate more saturated fat in your diet for optimal health.

I would suggest grass fed butter and grass fed beef lard and whole eggs. Maybe even an egg or two raw every now and then. You will be amazed at the difference. It helped me with my cholesterol and other things as well. The micronutrient has 7 patents and 14 clinical studies.

It helped me, hope it can help you. Do not get from amazon…higher prices. The late cardiologist and researcher, Dr. SA Mortensen, concluded from his large body of research that HF is largely due to an energy-starved heart.

There is a large review of the study at http: I like the taste of bacon, butter, grilled meats, but I eat plant based and I do not ADD oils such as olive,vanilla or any type of oil to my food. As I am trying to also lose fat from my body, I avoid high fat plant foods such as avocado and nuts. Once my weight stabilizes, I will include fattier plant foods again. After much exasperation with my dr.

Wanting me to take statins, I am now working with a dr who is plant based. Although I was plant based for a year, on my own volition, my cholesterol barely went down. I am not religious, but I often think about what a bunch of gluttons our society has turned into. Yep, even the thin people lol! Industrial animal agriculture is polluting the planet and oceans. I feel so sorry for your poor body. If you can keep it up you just might achieve 0 cholesterol and then you will be dead.

I hope you do more research on this. Your doctor should have their medical license revoked. That is absolutely horrible advice. I eat tons of healthy fats like avocado and olive oil on everything and I am skinny as a rail. Our bodies are meant to eat fat and have been meant to do so for , years. I was very scientific in my approach to evaluating the affects of eating carbohydrates refined are worse and processed foods.

I did blood tests at the beginning and after 90 days and had a significant drop in Cholesterol. I have gotten lazy over the years and now at 53 am sitting at I am jumping back on to a diet consisting of fish, chicken, eggs and green vegetables. God the amount of wrong info on this page and comments is horrific. Good luck trying to live a long, healthy life with whatever info you carry in your head!

Eskimos being healthy is a myth. Eskimos have a shorter life expectancy, higher rates of strokes and atherosclerosis and so on.. You can also read through the sources and the studies cited for the video.. Another from years ago, a woman in her early 40s — atherosclerosis in her aorta and coronary arteries.

Considering the dismal health status of Eskimos, it is remarkable that instead of labeling their diet as dangerous to health, they just accepted and echoed the myth and tried to come up with a reason to explain the false premise. Such dismal health that the Westernization of their diets actually lowered their rates of ischemic heart disease. So, why do so many researchers to this day unquestioningly parrot the myth?

To quote the great scientist Francis Bacon: All of these anti-cholesterol studies are funded by big pharma. Statins are a big scam, moneymaker.

Olive oil damages endothelial cells. You can be skinny and have shit arteries. You can be skinny because of a cocaine habit, chemotherapy and tuberculosis and other problems..

People that died in the army — big tough guys were found to have heart disease. It was the diet.. Yeah, a diet consisting mostly of refined carbs. All that matters is money. The Mediterranean diet that consists of lots of extra virgin olive oil has the lowest rates of heart disease in the world! If extra virgin olive oil was damaging this factual statistic would be impossible! The biggest problem with olive oil is heating it. There is a huge difference between eating fresh cold pressed extra virgin olive added to food at the table vs cooking with it.

Yet your source does not address this issue. How did the test subject eat it? Also, the text of the chart states virgin olive oil, but the speaker says extra virgin olive oil. Why are there so many stupid nutritionally uneducated M. In Europe where the research came from has a class of olive oil that is not available in North America. Extra virgin olive oil is the first cold pressing of the olive. Then it is pressed again, the additional pressing causing the oil to become heated; this second pressing is called virgin olive oil.

Next the olives are subjected to chemical and heat extraction, which is simply called olive oil. Just like the FACT that people in the tropics that eat lots of coconut fat have almost non-existent heart disease. Having been diagnosed with Hypertension, I went to a plant-based lifestyle and I am now feeling great and no longer have high BP.

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