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Diabetes in Children and Teens Read more. Nearly 30 million battle diabetes and every 23 seconds someone new is diagnosed. The American Diabetes Association recommends routine screening for type 2 diabetes beginning at age 45, especially if you're overweight. Glycated hemoglobin A1C test. Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly.
Risk Factors and Prevention
Simple changes at home can make a big difference, too. Moving muscles use insulin. Thirty minutes of brisk walking a day will cut your risk by almost a third. Avoid highly processed carbs, sugary drinks, and trans and saturated fats.
Limit red and processed meats. Work with your doctor to avoid gaining weight, so you don't create one problem by solving another. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes can be so mild you don't notice them.
In fact, about 8 million people who have it don't know it. Your doctor can test your blood for signs of diabetes. Usually doctors will test you on two different days to confirm the diagnosis. But if your blood glucose is very high or you have a lot of symptoms, one test may be all you need. This measures your blood sugar on an empty stomach.
You won't be able to eat or drink anything except water for 8 hours before the test. Oral glucose tolerance test OGTT: This checks your blood glucose before and 2 hours after you drink a sweet drink to see how your body handles the sugar. The best way to avoid these complications is to manage your diabetes well. Usually a combination of things cause type 2 diabetes, including: Continued Risk Factors and Prevention While certain things make getting diabetes more likely, they won't give you the disease.
Some things you can't control. A parent, sister, or brother with diabetes Ethnicity: Your doctor may be able to help. Prediabetes Heart and blood vessel disease High blood pressure, even if it's treated and under control Low HDL "good" cholesterol High triglycerides Being overweight or obese Having a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds Having gestational diabetes while you were pregnant Polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS Acanthosis nigricans , a skin condition with dark rashes around your neck or armpits Depression Other risk factors have to do with your daily habits and lifestyle.
Getting little or no exercise Smoking Stress Sleeping too little or too much Because you can't change what happened in the past, focus on what you can do now and going forward. Symptoms The symptoms of type 2 diabetes can be so mild you don't notice them. Being very thirsty Peeing a lot Blurry vision Being irritable Tingling or numbness in your hands or feet Feeling worn out Wounds that don't heal Yeast infections that keep coming back.
Continued Getting a Diagnosis Your doctor can test your blood for signs of diabetes. It's like an average of your blood glucose over the past 2 or 3 months.
Long-Term Effects Over time, high blood sugar can damage and cause problems with your: Heart and blood vessels Kidneys Eyes Nerves, which can lead to trouble with digestion, the feeling in your feet, and your sexual response Wound healing Pregnancy The best way to avoid these complications is to manage your diabetes well. Take your diabetes medications or insulin on time.
Check your blood glucose. Eat right, and don't skip meals. This is also called hyperglycemia. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.
If you have type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time it isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels. With the correct treatment and recommended lifestyle changes, many people with diabetes are able to prevent or delay the onset of complications. Do you have a new diabetes diagnosis?
Need a survival plan? Our step-by-step book of basic diabetes education tells you what to do next! Bariatric surgery Gastric Bypass or Laparoscopic Gastric Banding is sometimes considered for adults with a body mass index BMI above 35 and type 2 diabetes. Let us guide you during your first year with six informational packets to help you learn to live well with diabetes. This two-page introduction to type 2 diabetes is in PDF format so you can download it, print it, and hand it out to patients.
Help change the conversation about type 2 diabetes. Fill your senses with Southwestern and Mexican dishes that are easy, fulfilling, and—surprisingly—healthy. Cod Provençale may look fancy, but ours is light, easy, delicious, and budget-friendly. Do more with less. Are You At Risk? Facts About Type 2 Read more about type 2 diabetes and how it affects the body. Recently Diagnosed Get the information and support you need during the early weeks and months after your diagnosis.