If flat bars are used as vertical elements, they should be in a radiating pattern to minimize interference with the operator's line of sight. Conduct field studies to determine traffic volume, speed, effectiveness of signals, adequacy of lighting, and other factors influencing traffic conditions, under direction of traffic engineer. Plan and sell transportation and accommodations for travel agency customers. By Sohn JY, Proc. Signs posted along exit routes that indicate the direction of travel to the nearest exit. Ka-band radio characterisation for SatCom services in arctic and high latitude regions Status Date: Replace materials in shelving area stacks or files.
Retrieved 5 December The Bangladeshi Textile Industry". In Ravi Ramarmurti; Raymond Vernon. Privatization and Control of State-owned Enterprises. In the World Economy. Lessons from Bangladesh" PDF. The Public Sector Innovation Journal.
An Era of Globalization and Neo-Liberalization". Middle East Journal of Business. Asia-Pacific Trade and Investment Review. Archived PDF from the original on 18 October The New York Times. Retrieved 5 June Structural assessment of RMG factory buildings".
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. Australian Journal of Asian Law. Brooklyn Journal of International Law. Journal of Asia-Pacific Business. Growth trends and the Post-MFA challenges". Proceedings of a National seminar on ready-made garment industry: Rags, Riches and Women Workers: Women in Informal Employment: The Elusive Quest for Growth: Economists' Adventures and Misadventures in the Tropics. The role of policy reforms and diffusion of good practices".
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Archived from the original on 31 January Retrieved 3 June Lost in the Queue: Global Trade Regime and Women Employment: Dynamics, Dilemmas and Downturns. Archived from the original PDF on 23 September Globalization, Women Workers, and Voice". Export — oriented Garment Manufacturing in Bangladesh. Preliminary results regarding ergonomics risk factors and proposed interventions among sewing machine operators in the San Francisco bay area".
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International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health. Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, vol. Entrepreneurs and Economic Development: The University Press Limited. Retrieved 22 January Another garment factory fire in Bangladesh has left 31 workers dead and seriously injured".
Retrieved 21 December Avoiding the fire next time". Journal of Business Ethics: Retrieved 1 June Archived from the original on 25 November Retrieved 25 November The High Cost of Cheap Clothing". Rags in the ruins". Dhaka, Bangladesh and Savar, Bangladesh. Rana Plaza collapse outside Dhaka killed more than 1, people in April ". The Wall Street Journal. National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh Second ed. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Retrieved 1 July Retrieved 20 July Management and Monitoring Efforts.
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Constituencies Speaker Local government: Post Telecommunications Real estate Water supply and sanitation Transport: Airports Airlines Railway Roads Ports. Retrieved from " https: Webarchive template wayback links Use dmy dates from June All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from June Articles with unsourced statements from March Articles containing potentially dated statements from June All articles containing potentially dated statements Articles containing potentially dated statements from July Views Read Edit View history.
Portable structures are designed to be able to be disassembled and moved. See Restaurant Industry Directive. For retail situations that include a restaurant or other food preparation property within a store, such as a deli or snack bar, the facts are similar to those considered in the industry directive on restaurants and that directive may be relied upon for asset classification.
Includes paper towel dispensers, electric hand dryers, towel racks or holders, cup dispensers, purse shelves, toilet paper holders, soap dispensers or holders, lotion dispensers, sanitary napkin dispensers and waste receptacles, coat hooks, handrails, grab bars, mirrors, shelves, vanity cabinets, counters, ashtrays, baby changing stations, and other items generally found in public restrooms that are built into or mounted on walls or partitions.
Includes shop made and standard manufacture toilet partitions, typically metal, but may be plastic or other materials. Accessories used to better display merchandise that are not held for sale. Includes assets such as belt or roller conveyors and pneumatic tube systems used to distribute retail merchandise.
Includes assets such as sewing machines, tackers, ironing equipment, pressing tables, steam presses, pinning machines, price mark guns, marking machines, work benches, power tools, check writers, endorsing machines, paper cutters, perforators, postage meters, money sorters, coin counting and dispensing equipment, and shopping carts.
Includes furniture unique to retail stores and distinguishable from office furniture. For example, a high stool in a cosmetic department, a shoe department footstool, a hair salon barber chair, or a bench outside a dressing room. See also Office Furnishings. Special enclosed equipment boxes used to ripen produce by circulating special gases.
The rooms are large boxes with special doors and large airplane-type propellers, which circulate the gases used to ripen the produce. The boxes are housed within a distribution center warehouse. These specialized facilities are considered to be part of the retail distribution equipment because they have a special retail purpose and can not be used for any other purpose.
The boxes are not a part of the building structure. All elements of the roof including but not limited to joists, rafters, deck, shingles, vapor barrier, skylights, trusses, girders, and gutters.
Determination of whether decorative elements of a roof e. If removal of the decorative element results in the direct exposure of building components to water, snow, wind, or moisture damage, or if the decorative element houses lighting fixtures, wiring, or other structural components, then the decorative elements are part of the overall roof system and are structural components of the building.
Includes security equipment for the protection of the building and its contents from burglary or vandalism and protection of employees from assault. Examples include window and door locks; card key access systems; keyless entry systems; security cameras, recorders, monitors and related equipment; perimeter and interior building motion detectors; security lighting; alarm systems; and security system wiring and conduit. Electronic article surveillance systems including electronic gates, surveillance cameras, recorders, monitors and related equipment, the primary purpose of which is to minimize merchandise shrinkage due to theft.
Also includes teller-style pass-through windows, security booths, and bulletproof enclosures generally located in the cash office and customer service areas. Exit signs, restroom identifiers, room numbers, and other signs relating to the operation or maintenance of a building. Interior and exterior signs used for display or theme identity. For example, interior signs to identify departments or exterior signs to display trade names or trade symbols. In general, land preparation costs include the one time cost of clearing and grubbing, site stripping, fill or excavation, and grading to allow development of land.
Clearing and grubbing is the removal of debris, brush, trees, etc. Stripping is the removal of the topsoil to provide a stable surface for site and building improvements. The grading of land involves moving soil for the purpose of producing a more level surface to allow development of the land.
Clearing, grading, excavating and removal costs directly associated with the construction of buildings and building components are part of the cost of construction of the building and depreciated over the life of the building.
Clearing, grading, excavating and removal costs directly associated with the construction of sidewalks, parking areas, roadways and other depreciable land improvements are part of the cost of construction of the improvements and depreciated over the life of the associated asset. Site utilities are the systems that are used to distribute utility services from the property line to the retail building. Includes water, sanitary sewer, gas and electrical services.
Site work includes curbing, paving, general site improvements, fencing, landscaping, roads, sewers, sidewalks, site drainage and all other site improvements not directly related to the building. For sanitary sewers, see Site Utilities. Equipment and apparatus, including wiring, used to provide amplified sound or music.
For example, public address by way of paging a customer or background music. Excludes applications linked to fire protection and alarm systems. Enclosures for waste receptacles that are attached to the building. Typically constructed of the same materials as the building shell with either interior or exterior access.
These trash enclosures are an integral part of the building shell and cannot be moved without damage to the underlying building. Freestanding enclosures for waste receptacles, typically constructed on a concrete pad with its posts set in the concrete. Serves both safety and decorative functions. Includes interior and exterior paint; ceramic or quarry tile, marble, stone, brick and other finishes affixed with mortar, cement or grout; paneling, wainscoting and other wood finishes affixed with nails, screws or permanent adhesives; and sanitary kitchen wall panels such as fiberglass, stainless steel and plastic wall panels.
Includes all exterior walls and building support regardless of construction materials. Exterior walls may include columns, posts, beams, girders, curtain walls, tilt up panels, studs, framing, sheetrock, insulation, windows, doors, exterior façade, brick, masonry, etc.
Also includes drive-through bay, windows, and doors. Includes all load bearing interior partitions regardless of construction. Also includes non-load bearing partitions regardless of height typically constructed of studs and sheetrock or other materials that divide or create rooms or provide traffic control. Includes rough carpentry and plaster, dry wall or gypsum board, and other finishes. Interior walls for merchandise display where the partition can be 1 readily removed and remain in substantially the same condition after removal as before, or 2 moved and reused, stored, or sold in their entirety.
Exterior windows, including store front windows, drive-through service and carousel windows, and vestibule. Window treatments such as drapes, curtains, louver, blinds, post construction tinting and interior decorative theme décor which are readily removable. For you and your family. Individuals abroad and more. EINs and other information.
Get Your Tax Record. Bank Account Direct Pay. Debit or Credit Card. Assist social scientists in laboratory, survey, and other social science research. May help prepare findings for publication and assist in laboratory analysis, quality control, or data management. Provide technical assistance regarding the conservation of soil, water, forests, or related natural resources.
May compile data pertaining to size, content, condition, and other characteristics of forest tracts, under the direction of foresters; or train and lead forest workers in forest propagation, fire prevention and suppression.
May assist conservation scientists in managing, improving, and protecting rangelands and wildlife habitats. Conduct religious worship and perform other spiritual functions associated with beliefs and practices of religious faith or denomination. Provide spiritual and moral guidance and assistance to members. Plan, direct, or coordinate programs designed to promote the religious education or activities of a denominational group. May provide counseling and guidance relative to marital, health, financial, and religious problems.
Assist judges in court or by conducting research or preparing legal documents. Excludes "Lawyers" and "Paralegals and Legal Assistants" Search real estate records, examine titles, or summarize pertinent legal or insurance documents or details for a variety of purposes. May compile lists of mortgages, contracts, and other instruments pertaining to titles by searching public and private records for law firms, real estate agencies, or title insurance companies.
Assist faculty or other instructional staff in postsecondary institutions by performing teaching or teaching-related duties, such as teaching lower level courses, developing teaching materials, preparing and giving examinations, and grading examinations or papers.
Graduate teaching assistants must be enrolled in a graduate school program. Graduate assistants who primarily perform non-teaching duties, such as research, should be reported in the occupational category related to the work performed. Teach courses in childcare, family relations, finance, nutrition, and related subjects pertaining to home management.
Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research. Teach courses pertaining to recreation, leisure, and fitness studies, including exercise physiology and facilities management. Teach or instruct courses other than those that normally lead to an occupational objective or degree. Courses may include self-improvement, nonvocational, and nonacademic subjects.
Teaching may or may not take place in a traditional educational institution. Prepare, plan, and operate multimedia teaching aids for use in education. May record, catalogue, and file materials. Advise, instruct, and assist individuals and families engaged in agriculture, agricultural-related processes, or home economics activities. Demonstrate procedures and apply research findings to solve problems; and instruct and train in product development, sales, and the use of machinery and equipment to promote general welfare.
Includes county agricultural agents, feed and farm management advisers, home economists, and extension service advisors.
Plan and erect commercial displays, such as those in windows and interiors of retail stores and at trade exhibitions. Design special exhibits and movie, television, and theater sets. May study scripts, confer with directors, and conduct research to determine appropriate architectural styles.
Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other. Receive and transmit communications using radiotelephone equipment in accordance with government regulations.
Assist in the provision of food service and nutritional programs, under the supervision of a dietitian. May plan and produce meals based on established guidelines, teach principles of food and nutrition, or counsel individuals. Assist ophthalmologists by performing ophthalmic clinical functions. May administer eye exams, administer eye medications, and instruct the patient in care and use of corrective lenses.
Select and fit hearing aids for customers. Administer and interpret tests of hearing. Assess hearing instrument efficacy.
Take ear impressions and prepare, design, and modify ear molds. Prepare, sterilize, install, or clean laboratory or healthcare equipment. May perform routine laboratory tasks and operate or inspect equipment. Record drugs delivered to the pharmacy, store incoming merchandise, and inform the supervisor of stock needs.
May operate cash register and accept prescriptions for filling. First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers. Directly supervise and coordinate activities of workers engaged in fire fighting and fire prevention and control. First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other. Patrol assigned area, such as public parking lot or city streets to issue tickets to overtime parking violators and illegally parked vehicles.
Handle animals for the purpose of investigations of mistreatment, or control of abandoned, dangerous, or unattended animals. Guide or control vehicular or pedestrian traffic at such places as streets, schools, railroad crossings, or construction sites. Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers. Monitor recreational areas, such as pools, beaches, or ski slopes to provide assistance and protection to participants. Conduct screening of passengers, baggage, or cargo to ensure compliance with Transportation Security Administration TSA regulations.
May operate basic security equipment such as x-ray machines and hand wands at screening checkpoints. First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers. First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers. Directly supervise and coordinate work activities of cleaning personnel in hotels, hospitals, offices, and other establishments. First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers.
Directly supervise and coordinate activities of workers engaged in landscaping or groundskeeping activities. Work may involve reviewing contracts to ascertain service, machine, and workforce requirements; answering inquiries from potential customers regarding methods, material, and price ranges; and preparing estimates according to labor, material, and machine costs.
Perform any combination of light cleaning duties to maintain private households or commercial establishments, such as hotels and hospitals, in a clean and orderly manner. Duties may include making beds, replenishing linens, cleaning rooms and halls, and vacuuming.
Directly supervise and coordinate activities of personal service workers, such as flight attendants, hairdressers, or caddies. Assist patrons at entertainment events by performing duties, such as collecting admission tickets and passes from patrons, assisting in finding seats, searching for lost articles, and locating such facilities as rest rooms and telephones.
Perform a variety of attending duties at amusement or recreation facility. May schedule use of recreation facilities, maintain and provide equipment to participants of sporting events or recreational pursuits, or operate amusement concessions and rides. Select, fit, and take care of costumes for cast members, and aid entertainers. May assist with multiple costume changes during performances.
Perform a variety of tasks during funeral, such as placing casket in parlor or chapel prior to service; arranging floral offerings or lights around casket; directing or escorting mourners; closing casket; and issuing and storing funeral equipment. Handle baggage for travelers at transportation terminals or for guests at hotels or similar establishments. Assist patrons at hotel, apartment, or office building with personal services.
May take messages, arrange or give advice on transportation, business services or entertainment, or monitor guest requests for housekeeping and maintenance. Escort individuals or groups on sightseeing tours or through places of interest, such as industrial establishments, public buildings, and art galleries.
Plan, organize, and conduct long distance travel , tours, and expeditions for individuals and groups. Coordinate activities in resident facilities in secondary and college dormitories, group homes, or similar establishments.
Order supplies and determine need for maintenance, repairs, and furnishings. May maintain household records and assign rooms. May assist residents with problem solving or refer them to counseling resources. Directly supervise and coordinate activities of retail sales workers in an establishment or department. Duties may include management functions, such as purchasing, budgeting, accounting, and personnel work, in addition to supervisory duties.
Directly supervise and coordinate activities of sales workers other than retail sales workers. May perform duties, such as budgeting, accounting, and personnel work, in addition to supervisory duties. Exchange coins, tokens and chips for patrons' money. May issue payoffs and obtain customer's signature on receipt. May operate a booth in the slot machine area and furnish change persons with money bank at the start of the shift, or count and audit money in drawers.
Receive orders, generally in person, for repairs, rentals, and services. May describe available options, compute cost, and accept payment. Demonstrate merchandise and answer questions for the purpose of creating public interest in buying the product.
May sell demonstrated merchandise. Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers. First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers. Operate telephone business systems equipment or switchboards to relay incoming, outgoing, and interoffice calls.
May supply information to callers and record messages. Provide information by accessing alphabetical, geographical, or other directories. Assist customers with special billing requests, such as charges to a third party and credits or refunds for incorrectly dialed numbers or bad connections. May handle emergency calls and assist children or people with physical disabilities to make telephone calls.
Expedite and route movement of incoming and outgoing cargo and freight shipments in airline, train, and trucking terminals, and shipping docks. Take orders from customers and arrange pickup of freight and cargo for delivery to loading platform. Prepare and examine bills of lading to determine shipping charges and tariffs. Pick up and deliver messages, documents, packages, and other items between offices or departments within an establishment or directly to other business concerns, traveling by foot, bicycle, motorcycle, automobile, or public conveyance.
Schedule and dispatch workers, work crews, equipment, or service vehicles for conveyance of materials, freight, or passengers, or for normal installation, service, or emergency repairs rendered outside the place of business.
Duties may include using radio, telephone, or computer to transmit assignments and compiling statistics and reports on work progress. Monitor and control electronic computer and peripheral electronic data processing equipment to process business, scientific, engineering, and other data according to operating instructions.
Monitor and respond to operating and error messages. May enter commands at a computer terminal and set controls on computer and peripheral devices. Operate data entry device, such as keyboard or photo composing perforator. Duties may include verifying data and preparing materials for printing. Excludes "Word Processors and Typists"